27 April 2018

Name announcement: HRH Prince Louis of Cambridge

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge's third child, who was born on Monday 23 April 2018, has been named Louis Arthur Charles, Kensington Palace announced via its Twitter account today:
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are delighted to announce that they have named their son Louis Arthur Charles.

The baby will be known as His Royal Highness Prince Louis of Cambridge.
The Battenbergs/Mountbattens continue to hold a strong impact on the British royal family.  The line of princes named Ludwig or Louis, two versions of the same name. is almost endless. Some examles:
  • Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1691–1768), father of
  • Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1719–1790), father of
  • Ludwig X, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, later Grand Duke Ludwig I of Hesse and the Rhine (1753-1830), father of
  • Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (1777–1848), father of
  • Ludwig III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (1806–1877), brother of
  • Alexander Ludwig Georg Friedrich Emil, Prince of Hesse (1823–1888), m. morganatically 1851 Julie von Hauke (1825–1895), who was created Countess von Battenberg and later Princess von Battenberg. They were parents of
  • Ludwig Alexander (Louis), Prince von Battenberg (1854–1921), who later renouned his German title and assumed the surname Mountbatten and was created Marquess of Milford Haven, father of
  • Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas, Prince von Battenberg (1900–1979), later Lord Louis Mountbatten, created Viscount Mountbatten of Burma, later created Earl Mountbatten of Burma. His elder sister was
  • Victoria Alice Elisabeth Julie Marie, Princess von Battenberg (1895–1969), mother of
  • Philip, Prince of Greece (1921–), later Philip Mountbatten, created Duke of Edinburgh and later Prince of the United Kingdom, father of
  • Charles Philip Arthur George, Prince of Wales (1948–), father of
  • William Arthur Philip Louis, Duke of Cambridge (1982–), father of among others
    • George Alexander Louis, Prince of Cambridge (2013–) and
    • Louis Arthur Charles, Prince of Cambridge (2018–)
Ludwig Alexander (Louis) von Battenberg, later Marquess of Milford Haven, grandfather of Prince Philip and great-great-great-grandfather of Prince Louis of Cambridge. Photo: Wikimedia Commons.

I haven't got into details with all the title creations and renunciations, as that is not the most important here, the main point is of course the name Ludwig and Louis. And yes, there are many more examples in the family. Baby Prince Louis has an elder brother whose third name is Louis, while Louis is their father's fourth name. Prince Louis' second name is Arthur, which is also the second name of Prince William and the third name of the Prince of Wales. Baby Prince Louise's third name Charles is of course after his grandfather, the Prince of Wales. Charles is also Prince Harry's second name. Arthur was also King George VI's third name and of course the name of the seventh child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. And we could go on and on with many more examples.

Once again the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have picked a traditional royal name within the extended British royal family. Louis was not the main favourite of the bookmakers, but was mentioned as a possibility. I was more surprised that they didn't include a name from Catherine's Middleton family. Actually, you have to go back to her ancestor no. 12, i.e. her great-grandfather, to find the first example with one of the youngest son's three names, i.e. Stephen Charles Goldsmith (1886–1938), and as far back as no. 144 (seventh generation) to find the first encounter of Arthur –  Arthur Lupton (1747/48–1807). We are of course talking about known ancestors. There are some gaps in the ancestry table. I haven't found any ancestor named Louis in the book I have used as a source for the last paragraph, The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton, by the late William Addams Reitwiesner. Then again, I certainly don't think William and Catherine used the ancestry book to find names for their youngest child!

Updated last time on Saturday 28 April 2018 at 17.00 (minor changes to Ludwig Louis list).

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