24 September 2022

Prince Gustaf (1827–1852) of Sweden and Norway remembered

Today it is 170 years since Prince Gustaf, second eldest son of King Oscar I (1799–1859) and Queen Josephine, née Duchess of Leuchtenberg (1807–1876), died of typhoid fever at Christiania Palace (The Royal Palace) in Christiania (today Oslo). If it had not been for his death, he would have succeeded his brother Carl XV (IV) in 1872 and the history of the Swedish and Norwegian monarchies would of course have been very different.

Prince Gustaf was known as a composer, having written several well-known songs (in this part of the world), including Studentsången (The Student Song) and Vårsång (Spring Song) and several marches among others.

The 170th anniversary of Prince Gustaf's death was marked today in the Palace Chapel in Oslo where there were lectures by Odd Inge Skjævesland, who has written the book Sangerprinsen. Bernadottenes svensk-norske sjarmøretappe (2018), and the architect professor dr.philos. Thomas Thiis-Evensen, who spoke about The Royal Palace as a symbol. Prince Gustaf is one of only two members of the Norwegian Royal House (House of Bernadotte and from 1905 House of Glücksburg) to have died in The Royal Palace. The other was of course King Haakon VII, who died there in 1957. The arrangement in The Palace Chapel started at 11 a.m., which was at the exact time Prince Gustaf died on 24 September 1852.

Kåre Nordstoga and Per Anders Håvelsrud played several pieces by Prince Gustaf on the organ - Mina lefnadstimmar stupa, Sorgmarch  mig sjelf tillegnad [Mourning March – dedicated to myself], Tidens flykt [Flight of time] and Aftonhymn [Evening Song] (the two first by Nordstoga, the other two by Håvelsrud), while an ensemble from the Gudlbergs Akademiske Kor (Guldberg's Academic Choir) sang Morgenhymn, Vårsång and Studentsången. The event was arranged in co-operation with the Church of Sweden.

The event was opened by Sandra Lorentzen, head of curatorial and public engagement at the Royal Collections. She took over the position in June 2022 after having spent 7 years as a curator at the art and industry museum Blaafarveværket. Lorentzen has a Master of Arts in arts history from the University of Oslo and a Bachelor of science in management science from Warwick Business School in Coventry, England. Before Blaafarveværket she has worked at institutions such as Nordnorsk Kunstmuseum in Tromsø and Stenersenmuseet (from 2021 a part of the new Munch Museum in Bjørvika) and The National Theatre in Oslo. I mention all this to stress that she is more than qualified for her position at The Royal Palace, but as I am a genealogist it is interesting to note that she is the daughter of the artists Ida Lorentzen and Ulf Nilsen. Ida is the youngest child of Øivind Lorentzen, jr. (1919–2020) and Evelyn Byrd LaPrade (1921–1972), and Øivind was of course an elder brother of Erling Lorentzen (1923–2021), who was married to Princess Ragnhild of Norway (1930–2012) from 1953 to her death in 2012).

All in all it was an interesting and enjoyable time in the Palace Chapel, and after having heard Skjævesland's lecture his book about Prince Gustaf is added to my reading list.

22 September 2022

UK: The State Funeral and the Committal Service for Queen Elizabeth II

The State Funeral and the Committal Service for Queen Elizabeth II, who died on 8 September 2022, took place on Monday 19 September 2022.

Screen shot of the order of service for the State Funeral.

Screen shot of the order of service for the Committal of Queen Elizabeth II.

Three ceremonies took place on Monday - the State Funeral, the Committal Service and the internment service. The latter was private, and we don't know how many who actually attended it or who. But we know that around 2000 people attended the State Funeral.

The State Funeral Service at Westminster Abbey was attended by heads of state and overseas government representatives, including members of many foreign royal families, governors general and Realm prime ministers, as the official website describes it. Other representatives of the Realms and the Commonwealth, the Orders of Chivalry including recipients of the Victoria Cross and George Cross, government, parliament, devolved parliaments and assemblies, the church, and Queen Elizabeth's patronages formed the congregation, along with other public representatives.

The State Funeral service was conducted by the Dean of Westminster, David Michael Hoyle. During the Service, the Prime Minister, Liz Truss, and the Secretary General of the Commonwealth, Patricia Scotland, read lessons. The Archbishop of York, Stephen Cottrell, the Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster, Cardinal Vincent Nichols, the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, Iain Greenshields, and the Free Churches Moderator, Helen Cameron, said prayers. The sermon was given by the Archbishop of Canterbury, who also gave the commendation. Finally the Dean of Westminster pronounced the blessing. The Order of Service can be read here.

The Committal service at St. George's Chapel at Windsor was supposed to take place at 4 p.m., but was delayed by at least 40 minutes. The King and Queen, other members of the British royal family and representatives of other royal families were in attendance, besides past and present members of The Queen’s Household, including members  from the private estates, as stated by the official website. Also in attendance were governors general and Realm prime ministers. 

The service was conducted by the Dean of Windsor, David John Conner, with prayers said by the Rector of Sandringham, Paul Williams, the Minister of Crathie Kirk, Kenneth Mackenzie, and the Chaplain of Windsor Great Park, Martin Poll. 

Prior to the final hymn, the Imperial state crown, the orb and the sceptre was removed from the Queen's coffin and placed on the altar. At the end of the final hymn, King Charles placed the Queen's Company Camp Colour of the Grenadier Guards on the coffin. At the same time, The Lord Chamberlain, the Lord Parker of Minsmere (Andrew David Parker), «broke» his Wand of Office and placed it on the coffin.

When the Queen's coffin was lowered into the Royal Vault, the Dean of Windsor said a psalm and the commendation before the Garter King of Arms, David Vines White, pronounced HM Quen Elizabeth II's styles and titles.

The Sovereign’s Piper, Paul Burns, played a Lament and the Archbishop of Canterbury pronounced the blessing. The national anthem was sung at the conclusion of the Service. The Order of Service can be read here.

It was a day I will remember for ever, and I am pleased that I decided to take the day off to witness the events of the day on TV. It was a most dignified fare well of a very much belowed sovereign. The services were simple and magnificent at the same time. All the people along the route from Westminster Abbey to Windsor Castle. The procession at the Long Walk heading up to Windsor ... the removal of the crown, the orb and the sceptre from the coffin was very moving, as was listening to the national anthem being sung at the end of the service. 

A summary of the services can be read from the Court Circular 19 September 2022:

Buckingham Palace

The Coffin bearing The late Queen Elizabeth II was conveyed from Westminster Hall on the State Gun Carriage of the Royal Navy this morning, drawn by Naval Ratings, and flanked by His Majesty's Body Guard of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen at Arms, The King's Body Guard of the Yeomen of the Guard and The King's Body Guard for Scotland (the Royal Company of Archers), followed by The King, The Prince of Wales, The Duke of Sussex, The Duke of York, The Earl of Wessex, The Princess Royal, The Duke of Gloucester, the Earl of Snowdon and Vice Admiral Sir Tim Laurence and thence to Westminster Abbey.

The Lord Great Chamberlain, the Earl Marshal, the Lord Speaker and Speaker witnessed the departure of the Coffin bearing Her late Majesty from the Palace of Westminster.

The State Funeral of The late Queen Elizabeth II was held in Westminster Abbey today at 11 o'clock.

The Imperial State Crown, the Orb and the Sceptre surmounted the Coffin of Her late Majesty.

The King and The Queen Consort, The Prince and Princess of Wales with Prince George of Wales and Princess Charlotte of Wales, The Duke and Duchess of Sussex, The Duke of York, Princess Beatrice, Mrs. Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi and Mr. Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi, Princess Eugenie, Mrs. Jack Brooksbank and Mr. Jack Brooksbank, The Earl and Countess of Wessex with the Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor and Viscount Severn, The Princess Royal and Vice Admiral Sir Tim Laurence, Mr. Peter Phillips, Mr. and Mrs. Michael Tindall, The Earl of Snowdon, Viscount Linley and The Lady Margarita Armstrong-Jones, Mr. Daniel and The Lady Sarah Chatto, Mr. Samuel Chatto and 2nd Lieutenant Arthur Chatto, RM, The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, Earl and Countess of Ulster with Lord Culloden and The Lady Cosima Windsor, The Lady Davina Lewis with Miss Senna Lewis, Mr. George and The Lady Rose Gilman with Miss Lyla Gilman, The Duke of Kent, Earl and Countess of St. Andrews, The Lord Nicholas Windsor with Master Albert Windsor and Master Leopold Windsor, Mr. Timothy and The Lady Helen Taylor with Mr. Columbus Taylor, Mr. Cassius Taylor, Miss Estella Taylor and Miss Eloise Taylor, Lord Downpatrick, The Lady Marina-Charlotte Windsor, The Lady Amelia Windsor, Prince and Princess Michael of Kent, The Lord and Lady Frederick Windsor, Mr. Thomas and The Lady Gabriella Kingston, Princess Alexandra, the Hon. Lady Ogilvy, Mr. and Mrs. James Ogilvy, Mr. Alexander Ogilvy, Mr. and Mrs. Timothy Vesterberg, Miss Marina Ogilvy, Miss Zenouska Mowatt and Mr. Christian Mowatt.

Members of Foreign Royal Families and other Dignitaries, the Doyen of the Diplomatic Corps and Senior High Commissioners, Heads of Mission and other Foreign Representatives attended.

The Dean of Westminster conducted the Service and pronounced the Blessing.

The Archbishop of Canterbury preached the Sermon and offered the Commendatory Prayer.

His Majesty's Body Guard of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen at Arms, The King's Body Guard of the Yeomen of the Guard and The King's Body Guard for Scotland (the Royal Company of Archers) were on duty.

The King's Guard was turned out with the State Colour on the Forecourt of Buckingham Palace.

A Guard of Honour found by the Royal Navy, the Army and the Royal Air Force, with the Band of the Royal Marines was formed up in Parliament Square.

After the Service the Coffin bearing The late Queen Elizabeth II was conveyed from Westminster Abbey on the State Gun Carriage to Wellington Arch, Hyde Park Corner.

The Coffin bearing Her late Majesty was transferred from the State Gun Carriage to the State Hearse and thence to Windsor Castle.

The Committal Service for The late Queen Elizabeth II took place in St. George's Chapel today at 4 o'clock.

The Members of the Royal Family were present.

List of attendees

It has not been easy to compile a survey of people who attended the State Funeral at Westminster Abbey and/or the Committal Service at the St. Georges's Chapel at Windsor. I watched both events, but the cameras didn't focus much on the foreign royal families and other dignitaries. I have taken most names from various newspapers, including The Telegraph and The Guardian, but have also depended on Wikipedia and contributions on the website Nobiliana.de as well as on Twitter from Arabian Royal AgencyRodrigo, Lucas Szkopinski and Netty Leistra (Netty Royal) among others. Some only attended the state funeral, others only the committal service, while others again, like Crown Prince Hussein of Jordan only attended the reception at Buckingham Palace the day before the funeral. I have tried to focus on the royals and royal relations, but have also included some of the dignitaries, mainly from the Commonwealth and from Europe. Most of the list consist of attendees at the State Funeral, I should add. I am sure there are mistakes and important omissions - please tell if I have mentioned some who were not present. Not all the media reports have been accurate. 

The British Royal Family (and relatives)

  • King  Charles III and Queen Camilla
  • The Prince and Princess of Wales
  • Prince George of Wales
  • Princess Charlotte of Wales
  • The Duke and Duchess of Sussex
  • The Duke of York
  • Sarah, Duchess of York
  • Princess Beatrice of York & Mr Edo Mapelli Mozzi,
  • Princess Eugenie of York & Mr Jack Brooksbank
  • The Earl & Countess of Wessex and Forfar,
  • Louise Mountbatten-Windsor 
  • Viscount Severn
  • The Princess Royal (Princess Anne) & Sir Timothy Laurence, 
  • Peter Phillips
  • Savannah Phillips (only the committal service) 
  • Miss Isla Phillips (only the committal service)
  • Zara and Mike Tindall 
  • Mia Tindall (only the committal service) 
  • The Earl of Snowdon
  • Viscount Linley
  • Lady Margarita Armstrong-Jones
  • Lady Sarah Chatto and Daniel Chatto
  • Samuel Chatto
  • Arthur Chatto
  • The Duke & Duchess of Gloucester, 
  • The Earl and Countess of Ulster,
  • Lord Culloden 
  • Lady Cosima Windsor 
  • Lady Davina Windsor 
  • Senna Lewis
  • Lady Rose and George Gilman 
  • Lyla Gilman
  • The Duke of Kent
  • The Earl and Countess of St. Andrews
  • Lord Downpatrick
  • Lady Marina Charlotte Windsor
  • Lady Amelia Windsor
  • Lord Nicholas Windsor
  • Albert Windsor
  • Leopold Windsor
  • Lady Helen Taylor and & Tim Taylor
  • Columbus Taylor
  • Cassius Taylor
  • Eloise Taylor
  • Estella Taylor
  • Prince and Princess Michael of Kent
  • Lord Frederick Windsor and Lady Sophie Windsor
  • Lady Gabriella Kingston and Tom Kingston
  • Princess Alexandra, the Hon. Lady Ogilvy
  • James Ogilvy and Julia Ogilvy
  • Alexander Ogilvy
  • Flora Vesterberg and Tim Vesterberg
  • Marina Ogilvy
  • Christian Mowatt
  • Zenouska Mowatt
  • The Duke and Duchess of Fife 
  • Countess Mountbatten of Burma
  • Alexandra Hooper and Tom Hooper
  • Lady Pamela Hicks
    India Flint Wood
  • Edwina Hicks

Reigning European royal and princely houses

  • King Philippe and Queen Mathilde of the Belgians
  • Queen Margrethe II of Denmark
  • Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark
  • Hereditary Prince Alois and Hereditary Princess Sofie of Liechtenstein
  • Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa of Luxembourg
  • Prince Albert II and Princess Charlene of Monaco
  • King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima of the Netherlands
  • Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands
  • King Harald V and Queen Sonja of Norway
  • King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia of Spain
  • King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia of Spain
  • King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia of Sweden

Former European royal and princely houses

  • Margravine Valerie of Baden
  • Hereditary Prince Bernhard and Hereditary Princess Stephanie of Baden
  • King Simeon II of the Bulgarians
  • Queen Anne-Marie of the Hellenes
  • Crown Prince Pavlos and Crown Princess Marie-Chantal of Greece
  • Princess Theodora of Greece (service at Windsor only)
  • Landgrave Donatus and Landgravine Floria of Hesse
  • Prince Philipp and Princess Saskia of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
  • Princess Xenia of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
  • Princess Margarita of Romania and Radu Duda
  • Crown Prince Alexander and Crown Princess Katherine of Serbia
Royal and princely houses outside Europe

  • The Crown Prince of Bahrain, Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa
  • King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and Queen Jetsun Pema of Bhutan
  • The Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah ibni Omar Ali Saifuddien II
  • Prince Abdul Mateen of Brunei
  • Emperor Naruhito and Empress Masako of Japan
  • King Abdullah II and Queen Rania of Jordan 
  • Princess Haya bint Hussein of Jordan (committal service only)
  • Prince Hassan and Princess Sarvath of Jordan (committal service only)
  • The Crown Prince of Kuwait, Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
  • King Letsie III of Lesotho
  • The Yang di-Pertuan Agong XVI (King) of Malaysia, Sultan Abdullah of Pahang, and the Raja Permaisuri Agong (Queen), Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah
  • Prince Moulay Rashid of Morocco
  • The Sultan of Oman, Haitham bin Tariq Al Said
  • The Emir of Qatar, Tamim bin Hamad al Thani
  • Sheikh Hamad Bin Abdullah Al Thani of Qatar and Sheikha Jawaher bint Hamad
  • Sheikha Amna Bint Mohammed Al Thani 
  • Prince Faisal bin Turki of Saudi Arabia
  • King Tupoi VI of Tonga
  • The Vice President of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Emir of Dubai

Others

  • The Māori King, Tūheitia Potatau Te Wherowhero VII and Makau Ariki Te Atawhai

A selection of other dignitaries

United Kingdom

  • The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Liz Truss and Hugh O'Leary
  • Leader of the Labour Party, Keir Starmer

Former British prime ministers

  • Boris Johnson and Carrie Symonds
  • Theresa May and Sir Philip May
  • David Cameron and Samantha Cameron
  • George Brown and Sarah Brown
  • Tony Blair and Cherie Blair
  • John  Major and Norma Major

Other dignitaries

  • The President of Albania, Bajram Begaj, and the First Lady, Armanda Begaj
  • The Co-Prince of Andorra, Archbishop Joan Enric Vives i Sicília 
  • The Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda, Sir Rodney Williams and Lady Williams
  • The Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda, Gaston Browne
  • The President of Armenia, Vahagn Khachaturyan
  • The Governor-General of Australia, David Hurley and Linda Hurley
  • The Prime Minister of Australia, Anthony Albanese and Jodie Haydon
  • The President of Austria, Alexander Van der Bellen and First Lady Doris Schmidauer
  • The Governor-General of the Bahamas, Sir Cornelius A. Smith,
  • The Prime Minister of the Bahamas, Philip Davis
  • The  Governor-General of Belize, Froyla Tzalam and Daniel Mendez
  • The Governor of Bermuda, Rena Lalgie
  • The Premier of Bermuda, E. David Burt
  • The President of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro and the First Lady, Michelle Bolsonaro
  • The President of Bulgaria, Rumen Radev and the First Lady, Desislava Radeva
  • The Governor General of Canada, Mary Simon, and Whit Fraser
  • Michaëlle Jean, former Governor General of Canada
  • David Johnston, former Governor General of Canada
  • The Prime Minister of Canada, Justin Trudeau and Sophie Grégoire Trudeau
  • The Secretary General of the Commonwealth, Patricia Scotland
  • The President of Croatia, Zoran Milanović and the First Lady, Sanja Musić Milanović
  • The Prime Minister of the Czech Republic Petr Fiala
  • The President of Estonia, Alar Karis and the First Lady, Sirje Karis
  • The President of Ethiopia, Sahle-Work Zewde 
  • The President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen
  • The President of Finland, Sauli Niinistö and the First Lady Jenni Haukio
  • The President of France, Emmanuel Macron (also Co-Prince of Andorra) and Brigitte Macron
  • The President of Georgia, Salome Zourabichvili
  • The President of Germany, Frank-Walter Steinmeier and the First Lady, Elke Büdenbender
  • The President of Greece, Katerina Sakellaropoulou
  • The Governor-General of Grenada, Cécile La Grenade
  • The Secretary of State of the Holy See, Bishop Paul Gallagher
  • The President of Hungary, Katalin Novák and the First Gentleman, István Attila Veres
  • The President of Iceland, Guðni Th. Jóhannesson and the First Lady, Eliza Reid
  • The Prime Minister of Ireland, Micheál Martin and Sabina Higgins
  • The President of Israel, Isaac Herzog and the First Lady, Michal Herzog
  • The President of Italy, Sergio Mattarella
  • The Governor General of Jamaica, Sir Patrick Allen
  • The Prime Minister of Jamaica, Andrew Holness
  • The President of Kenya, William Ruto
  • The President of Kosovo, Vjosa Osmani and the First Gentleman, Prindon Sadriu
  • The President of Latvia, Egils Levits and the First Lady, Andra Levite
  • The President of Lithuania and the First Lady, Diana Nausėdienė
  • The President of Moldova, Maia Sandu
  • The President of Montenegro Milo Đukanović and the First Lady, Lidija Đukanović
  • The Governor-General of New Zealand Cindy Kiro
  • Silvia Cartwright, former Governor-General of New Zealand
  • The Prime Minister of New Zealand, Jacinda Ardern and Clarke Gayford
  • The President of North Macedonia Stevo Pendarovski and the First Lady, Elizabeta Gjorgievska
  • The Governor General of Papua New Guinea, H.E. Sir Bob Dadae 
  • The Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, James Marape
  • The President of Poland, Andrzej Duda and the First Lady, Agata Kornhauser-Duda
  • The President of Portugal Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa 
  • The President of Romania Klaus Iohannis and the First Lady, Carmen Iohannis
  • The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Denzil Douglas
  • The Acting Governor-General of Saint Lucia, Errol Charles 
  • The Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Susan Dougan
  • The Head of State of Samoa, H.H. Tuimalealiʻifano Vaʻaletoʻa Sualauvi II
  • The Captains Regent of San Marino, Oscar Mina and Paolo Rondelli
  • The Governor General of Solomon Islands, H.E. Sir David Vunagi
  • The President of Slovakia, Zuzana Čaputová
  • The President of Slovenia, Borut Pahor 
  • The President of South Africa, Cyril Ramaphosa
  • The President of South Korea Yoon Suk-yeol and the First Lady Kim Keon-hee
  • The President of Switzerland, Ignazio Cassis
  • The President of Tanzania, Samia Suluh
  • The Governor General of Tuvalu, H.E. Tofinga Vaevalu Falani
  • The Prime Minister of Tuvalu, Tuvalu Kausea Natano 
  • The First Lady of Ukraine, Olena Zelenska
  • The President of the USA, Joe Biden and the First Lady, Jill Biden

11 September 2022

Celebrations in Denmark – second day – lunch at the royal yacht and gala dinner at Christiansborg Palace

  Photo: © Wonderful Copenhagen.

The celebrations of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark's 50th anniversary as regent continued today with a service in the Church of our Lady, followed by lunch at the royal yacht Dannebrog. Photos from Dannebrog can be viwed here. The royal family was present, together with the Nordich heads of state and members of the royal court.

The celebrations continued with a gala dinner tonight at Christiansborg Palace. The number of royal guests was smaller than at the Royal Theatre yesterday and at the church service earlier today. All the grandchildren and the queen's nephews and nieces and their spouses were excluded. Extracts of the guest list:

The Royal Family

  • HM Queen Margrethe II
  • HRH Crown Prince Frederik
  • HRH Crown Princess Mary
  • HRH Prince Joachim
  • HRH Princess Marie
  • HRH Princess Benedikte
  • HM Queen Anne-Marie of the Hellenes

Nordic Heads of State

  • HM King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
  • HM Queen Silvia of Sweden
  • HM King Harald V of Norway
  • HM Queen Sonja of Norway
  • HE The President of the Republic of Finland Sauli Niinistö
  • Mrs. Jenni Haukio
  • HE The President of the Republic Iceland Guðni Th. Jóhannesson
  • Mrs. Eliza Jean Reid

Other family

  • HE Count Ingolf of Rosenborg
  • Countess Sussie of Rosenborg

Among the other guests were members of the government, the presidency of the Parliament, the Supreme Court, representatives from Greenland and the Faroe Islands and other representatives of the official Denmark. The full list can be viewed here.

Celebrations in Denmark – second day – church service

 Photo: © Wonderful Copenhagen.

This morning members of the Danish Royal Family, the Nordic heads of state and many representatives of the official Denmark attended a church service in the Church of Our Lady (Vor Frue kirke) in Copenhagen in connection with the celebrations of Queen Margrethe II's 50th anniversary as regent.

The Danish Royal Court has issued a guest list which is not that different from the guest list at the Royal Theatre yesterday, but I note that the younger children of the Crown Prince and of Prince Joachim are now included. Extracts of the guest list:

The Royal Family

  • HM Queen Margrethe II
  • HRH Crown Prince Frederik
  • HRH Crown Princess Mary
  • HRH Prince Joachim              
  • HRH Princess Isabella
  • HRH Prince Vincent
  • HRH Princess Josephine
  • HRH Prince Joachim
  • HRH Princess Marie                  
  • HH Prince Nikolai
  • HH Prince Felix
  • HH Prince Henrik
  • HH Princess Athena
  • HRH Princess Benedikte 
  • HSH Princess Alexandra of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg
  • Count Michael Ahlefeldt-Laurvig-Bille
  • HSH Princess Nathalie of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg
  • HM Queen Anne-Marie of the Hellenes                      
  • HRH Princess Alexia of Greece
  • Don Carlos Morales Quintana                                      
  • HRH Princess Theodora of Greece
  • Mr. Matthew Kumar
  • HRH Prince Philippos of Greece
  • HRH Princess Nina of Greece  

Nordic heads of state

  • HM King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
  • HM Queen Silvia of Sweden
  • HM King Harald V of Norway
  • HM Queen Sonja of Norway
  • H.E. The President of the Republic of Finland Sauli Niinistö
  • Mrs. Jenni Haukio
  • H.E. President of the Republic of Iceland Guðni Th. Jóhannesson
  • Mrs. Eliza Jean Reid

Other family            

  • HE Count Ingolf of Rosenborg
  • Countess Sussie of Rosenborg

In addition the guest list includes members of the government, representatives of the Parliament, representatives of the royal court, representatives of the official Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The guest list in full can be viewed here.

Dean Anders Gadegaard and Bishop Peter Skov-Jakobsen officiated the church service. The program (in Danish) can be viewed here.

Celebrations in Denmark – first day

Photo: © Wonderful Copenhagen.
The celebrations of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark's 50th anniversary as regent takes place this weekend. Queen Margrethe succeeded to the Danish throne when her father King Frederik II died on 14 January 1972. The 50th anniversary celebrations were of course planned to take place in January this year, but was postponed due to the pandemic.

Unfortunately the death of Queen Margrethe's third cousin Queen Elizabeth II has put the celebrations somewhat in the shadow, at least outside outside the Kingdom of Denmark. Because of Queen Elizabeth's death, some adjustments had to be made to the planned celebrations.

Yesterday – 10 September 2022  Queen Margrethe, members of the royal house, the Nordic heads of states and representatives of the official Denmark attended "a commanded performance" at the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen. From the guest list:

The Royal Family

  • HM Queen Margrethe II
  • HRH Crown Prince Frederik
  • HRH Crown Princess Mary
  • HRH Prince Christian
  • HRH Princess Isabella
  • HRH Prince Joachim
  • HRH Princess Marie
  • HH Prince Nikolai
  • HH Prince Felix
  • HRH Princess Benedikte
  • HSH Princess Alexandra of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg
  • Count Michael Ahlefeldt-Laurvig-Bille
  • HSH Princess Nathalie of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg
  • HM Queen Anne-Marie of the Hellenes
  • HRH Princess Alexia of Greece
  • Don Carlos Morales Quintana
  • HRH Crown Prince Pavlos of Greece
  • HRH  Crown Princess Marie-Chantal of Greece
  • HRH  Princess Theodora of Greece
  • Mr. Matthew Kumar
  • HRH Prince Philippos of Greece
  • HRH Princess Nina of Greece

Nordic Heads of State

  • HM King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
  • HM Queen Silvia of Sweden
  • HM King Harald of Norway
  • HM Queen Sonja of Norway
  • HE The President of the Republic of Finland Sauli Niinistö
  • Mrs. Jenni Haukio
  • H.E. President of the Republic of Iceland Guðni Th. Jóhannesson
  • Mrs. Eliza Jean Reid

Other family

  • HE Count Ingolf of Rosenborg
  • Countess Sussie of Rosenborg

Among the others on the guest list were members of government, representatives of the Parliament , the court and other reprensentatives of the official Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The full list can be viewed here.

10 September 2022

UK: Accession Council, funeral date set

Some events that took place in the United Kingdom today and which I find worth mentioning:

1. The Accession Council took place at St. James's Palace in London at 10 a.m, in which the new king - Charles III  who succeded to the throne on 8 September 2022 at the death of his mother Queen Elizabeth II  was formally proclaimed. The proclamation read as follows:

A PROCLAMATION

Whereas it has pleased Almighty God to call to His Mercy our late Sovereign Lady Queen Elizabeth the Second of Blessed and Glorious Memory, by whose Decease the Crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is solely and rightfully come to The Prince Charles Philip Arthur George: We, therefore, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of this Realm and Members of the House of Commons, together with other members of Her late Majesty’s Privy Council and representatives of the Realms and Territories, Aldermen and Citizens of London, and others, do now hereby with one voice and Consent of Tongue and Heart publish and proclaim that The Prince Charles Philip Arthur George is now, by the Death of our late Sovereign of Happy Memory, become our only lawful and rightful Liege Lord Charles the Third, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of His other Realms and Territories, King, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith, to whom we do acknowledge all Faith and Obedience with humble Affection; beseeching God by whom Kings and Queens do reign to bless His Majesty with long and happy Years to reign over us.

Given at St. James’s Palace this tenth day of September in the year of Our Lord two thousand and twenty-two.

The council was attended by members of the Privy Council, the Lord Mayor of the City of London, and senior judges and officials. In the first part of the council, the Lord President –the MP Penny Mourdant – announced the monarch's death. The clerk of the council, Richard Tilbrok, then read out the Accession Proclamation, which was then signed by the Prince of Wales (Prince William), the Queen (Quen Camilla), Prime Minister Liz Truss, the Archbishop of Canterbury (Jusstin Welby), the Lord Chancellor (Brandon Lewis) and the Earl Marshall (the Duke of Norfolk, Edward William Fitzalan-Howard), who is responsible for organising state ceremonies.

In the second part of the council, King Charles began with a declaration which read as follows:

My Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen. 

It is my most sorrowful duty to announce to you the death of my beloved Mother, The Queen. 

I know how deeply you, the entire Nation - and I think I may say the whole world - sympathise with me in the irreparable loss we have all suffered. It is the greatest consolation to me to know of the sympathy expressed by so many to my Sister and Brothers and that such overwhelming affection and support should be extended to our whole family in our loss.

To all of us as a family, as to this kingdom and the wider family of nations of which it is a part, my Mother gave an example of lifelong love and of selfless service.

My Mother’s reign was unequalled in its duration, its dedication and its devotion. Even as we grieve, we give thanks for this most faithful life.

I am deeply aware of this great inheritance and of the duties and heavy responsibilities of Sovereignty which have now passed to me. In taking up these responsibilities, I shall strive to follow the inspiring example I have been set in upholding constitutional government and to seek the peace, harmony and prosperity of the peoples of these Islands and of the Commonwealth Realms and Territories throughout the world.

In this purpose, I know that I shall be upheld by the affection and loyalty of the peoples whose Sovereign I have been called upon to be, and that in the discharge of these duties I will be guided by the counsel of their elected parliaments. In all this, I am profoundly encouraged by the constant support of my beloved wife.

I take this opportunity to confirm my willingness and intention to continue the tradition of surrendering the hereditary revenues, including the Crown Estate, to My Government for the benefit of all, in return for the Sovereign Grant, which supports My official duties as Head of State and Head of Nation.

And in carrying out the heavy task that has been laid upon me, and to which I now dedicate what remains to me of my life, I pray for the guidance and help of Almighty God.

Thn the king took an oath to maintain and preserve the Church of Scotland., as required by the Act of Union, and signed two copies of the oath, which read:

I understand that the Law requires that I should, at My Accession to the Crown, take and subscribe the Oath relating to the Security of the Church of Scotland.  I am ready to do so at this first opportunity.

I, Charles the Third, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of My other Realms and Territories, King, Defender of the Faith, do faithfully promise and swear that I shall inviolably maintain and preserve the Settlement of the true Protestant Religion as established by the Laws made in Scotland in prosecution of the Claim of Right and particularly by an Act intituled “An Act for securing the Protestant Religion and Presbyterian Church Government” and by the Acts passed in the Parliament of both Kingdoms for Union of the two Kingdoms, together with the Government, Worship, Discipline, Rights and Privileges of the Church of Scotland.

So help me God.

At 11 a.m. the proclamation was then read out from a balcony above the Friary Court at St James's Palace by the Garter King of Arms (David Vines White), England's senior herald. The proclamation was also read in Belfast, Cardiff and Edinburgh, and other locations around the country.

2.Buckingham Palace issued the following statement by the Prince of Wales (Prince William) today:

On Thursday, the world lost an extraordinary leader, whose commitment to the country, the Realms and the Commonwealth was absolute. So much will be said in the days ahead about the meaning of her historic reign.

I, however, have lost a grandmother. And while I will grieve her loss, I also feel incredibly grateful. I have had the benefit of The Queen’s wisdom and reassurance into my fifth decade. My wife has had twenty years of her guidance and support. My three children have got to spend holidays with her and create memories that will last their whole lives.

She was by my side at my happiest moments. And she was by my side during the saddest days of my life. I knew this day would come, but it will be some time before the reality of life without Grannie will truly feel real.

I thank her for the kindness she showed my family and me. And I thank her on behalf of my generation for providing an example of service and dignity in public life that was from a different age, but always relevant to us all.

My grandmother famously said that grief was the price we pay for love. All of the sadness we will feel in the coming weeks will be testament to the love we felt for our extraordinary Queen. I will honour her memory by supporting my father, The King, in every way I can.

By the way, we learned yesterday that Prince William had been created Prince of Wales the same day. I assume that the text will be published in The London Gazette in due time.

3. Later today the Prince and Princess of Wales together with the Duke and Duchess of Sussex together made a walkabout at Windsor to inspect the flowers and tributes. It is said that it was the Prince of Wales who took the initiative for the brothers and their spouses to do the walkabout together. While some people would say that this was to play for the gallery, I regard it as a sincere gesture. The brothers are said to have had a strained relationship for some time, so every effort to improve the relationship should be welcomed.

4. Buckingham Palace has announced that the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II will take place at Westminster Abbey on Monday 19 September at 11 a.m. The day of the funeral has been declared a bank holiday in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland by the king. Buckingham Palace has announced the following arrangements for the funeral:

The State Funeral of Her Majesty The Queen will take place at Westminster Abbey on Monday 19th September at 1100hrs BST. Prior to the State Funeral, The Queen will Lie-in-State in Westminster Hall for four days, to allow the public to pay their respects.

The Queen's Coffin currently rests in the Ballroom at Balmoral Castle. Her Majesty's Coffin will travel to Edinburgh tomorrow, Sunday 11th September, by road, to arrive at the Palace of Holyroodhouse, where it will rest in the Throne Room until the afternoon of Monday 12th September.

On the afternoon of Monday 12th September, a Procession will be formed on the forecourt of the Palace of Holyroodhouse to convey the Coffin to St Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh. The King and Members of the Royal Family will take part in the Procession and attend a Service in St Giles’ Cathedral to receive the Coffin.

Her Majesty's Coffin will then lie at rest in St Giles' Cathedral, guarded by Vigils from The Royal Company of Archers, to allow the people of Scotland to pay their respects.

On the afternoon of Tuesday 13th September, The Queen's Coffin will travel from Scotland by Royal Air Force aircraft from Edinburgh Airport, arriving at RAF Northolt later that evening. The Coffin will be accompanied on the journey by The Princess Royal.

The Queen's Coffin will then be conveyed to Buckingham Palace by road, to rest in the Bow Room. On the afternoon of Wednesday 14th September, the Coffin will be borne in Procession on a Gun Carriage of The King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery from Buckingham Palace to the Palace of Westminster, where The Queen will Lie-in-State in Westminster Hall until the morning of the State Funeral.

The Procession will travel via Queen’s Gardens, The Mall, Horse Guards and Horse Guards Arch, Whitehall, Parliament Street, Parliament Square and New Palace Yard. After the Coffin arrives at Westminster Hall, The Archbishop of Canterbury will conduct a short service assisted by The Very Reverend Dr David Hoyle, Dean of Westminster, and attended by The King and Members of the Royal Family, after which the Lying-in-State will begin.

During the Lying-in-State, members of the public will have the opportunity to visit Westminster Hall to pay their respects to The Queen. On the morning of Monday 19th September, the Lying-in-State will end and the Coffin will be taken in Procession from the Palace of Westminster to Westminster Abbey, where the State Funeral Service will take place.

Following the State Funeral, the Coffin will travel in Procession from Westminster Abbey to Wellington Arch. From Wellington Arch, the Coffin will travel to Windsor and once there, the State Hearse will travel in Procession to St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle via the Long Walk. A Committal Service will then take place in St George's Chapel.

9 September 2022

UK: New titles


The Norwegian Royal Family in mourning after the death of Queen Elizabeth II: The Norwegian state flag was flying at half staff from the Royal Palace balcony in Oslo today. The flag will also be flying at half staff at the day of the funeral. Photo: © 2022 Dag Trygsland Hoelseth.

Titles

Upon his accession to the throne, it was confirmed that the new king would be known under his first given name Charles with the numerals III. By customary law his wife the former Duchess of Cornwall became Queen. This shouldn't come as a surprise to anyone after Queen Elizabeth on 6 February this year expressed her wish that «when that time comes, Camilla will be known as Queen Consort as she continues her own loyal service». When the official website was updated late yesterday, Camilla was styled as «Her Majesty The Queen Consort», although she is entitled to the style and title «HM The Queen» or more informally «HM Queen Camilla». The title «Queen Consort» is more description rather than a formal title, and she is perhaps referred to this way to avoid creating too much confusion so soon after Queen Elizabeth II, formally known as HM The Queen, died. I suspect that some time after funeral Camilla will be referred to as HM The Queen, just like the spouses of for instance King Edward VII, King George V and King George VI did. Of course, the description Queen Consort is to stress that she is the wife of the King, not the reigning Queen.

When Charles III became King, his titles Prince of Wales, Duke of Edinburgh and several other titles merged into the crown. It is expected King Charles' youngest brother, Prince Edward, the Earl of Wessex (and Forfar), will bestowed tht title Duke of Edinburgh some time later, as I commented on here in March 2019.

When King Charles III succeeded to the throne, his eldest son Prince William automatically became Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles and Great Steward of Scotland. From earlier he had the titles Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn, and Baron Carrickfergus. This meant that yesterday Prince William was to be referred to by as HRH The Duke of Cornwall and Cambridge, his style and highest titles. His wife Catherine thus became HRH The Duchess of Cornwall and Cambridge, and their children were to be styled HRH Prince George, HRH Princess Charlotte and HRH Prince Louis of Cornwall and Cambridge. This turned out to be shortlived, as King Charles III in his speech tonight told that he had created his eldest son Prince of Wales (and, although not expressed, also Earl of Chester, which goes hand in hand with the title Prince of Wales). So we have to get used to a lot of changes in a very short time! I have to figure out which tags I should use for the new Prince of Wales. As of now he is to be tagged William Prince of Wales, while he until his wedding in 2001 was tagged Prince William of Wales. Prior to his accession, I used the tag «The Prince of Wales» for Charles, which obviously was not a very smart idea. I guess I have to figure out how to replace this tag with «Charles Prince of Wales». And yes, I know that one shouldn't use the personal name toghether with the title, but this is the only way to differentiate between the many Princes of Wales. Anyway, as William and Catherine are now HRH The Prince of Wales and HRH The Princess of Wales (and all the other titles mentioned), their children should be styled as HRH Prince George of Wales, HRH Princess Charlotte of Wales and HRH Prince Louis of Wales. 

There will be no changes for TRH The Duke and Duchess of Sussex (Prince Harry and his wife Meghan, née Markle) and their children as of now. As explained among others by The Telegraph today, their children are now technically Prince and Princess (Prince Archie and Princess Lilibet of Sussex with the style Royal Highess), as stated by the Letters Patent of 1917. However, it was decided at the time of their birth that they should be known by their given name and surname Mountbatten-Windsor only (instead of Prince Harry's subsidiary title Earl of Dumbarton for Archie and Lady Lilibet Mountbatten-Windsor for Lili). I expect that the king some time in the near future will give a new Letters Patent to regulate a new title system for descendants of the monarch.

Memorial service

Tonight a memorial service (service of prayer of reflection) for the late Queen Elizabeth II took place in St. Paul's Cathedral in London.

Accession Council and Principal Proclamation

King Charles III will be will be formally proclaimed at the Accession Council at 10 a.m. on Saturday 10 September in the State Apartments of St James's Palace, London. The proclamation will be televised. Besides the official website, see also the website of the Privy Council for more details.

I will try to follow up with details about and comments on the various ceremonies and other events that take place in the days prior to the state funeral. The date has not been given yet, but The Telegraph has suggested that the funeral will take place on Monday 19 September 2022.