19 September 2018

UK: Lady Gabriella Windsor and Thomas Kingston engaged to marry

Buckingham Palace announced earlier today the engagement of Lady Gabriella Windsor and Thomas Kingston:
Prince and Princess Michael of Kent are delighted to announce the engagement of their daughter Lady Gabriella Windsor to Mr Thomas Kingston.

The engagement took place in August; Mr Kingston proposed on the Isle of Sark.
The wedding will take place in spring of 2019. 
Lady Gabriella, b. 1981, who is normally called just Ella, is the second and youngest child of Prince and Princess Michael of Kent. She is a senior director at Branding Latin America, which according to its website is «Specialising in brand positioning, digital communications, networking, events and trade (B2B) for Latin American governments, brands and individuals looking to position themselves overseas» and speaks of their vision to «bridge business and promotional interests between Latin America, the United Kingdom and the rest of the world».

Her husband to be, Thomas «Tom» Kingston, is a director of Devonport Capital, which according to its website «provides companies operating in frontier economies, difficult or post-conflict environments with access to expansion finance and liquidity-bridging solutions».

According to the website Companies House, his full name is Thomas Henry Robin Kingston, he is born in 1978 and his parents are William M Kingston and Jill M. Bache. (Thanks to Netty Leistra, who provided the link in a message at Nobiliana earlier today and was also the first to provide genealogical details in a posting at Nobiliana in 2015.)

The quote above is based on various Twitter postings and The Telegraph. At the time of writing this article, the press release has not been made available at the official website of the British Royal Family. Obviously the announcement was sent to all the major newspapers and press agencies. Still I think it is strange that the announcement was not also tweeted by its official account or published on the official website. And why not give a few more details about Mr. Kingston while you are at it?

More details about Mr. Kingston's family can be found on the above-mentioned royal and noble genealogy website Nobiliana. Marlene Koenig has also provided a few details in her blog earlier today.

Vita Brevis: Further ancestors of the Princess of Wales

Scott C. Steward's third article about the ancestry of Diana, Princess of Wales was published in the blog Vita Brevis on 12 September 2018.

Since the publication of Richard K. Evans' book The Ancestry of Diana Princess of Wales in 2007, new sources have come available, and Steward have made several updates and corrections to the book.



Articles so far:

4 September 2018

Et vogtsk slektsvirus

Norsk Folkemuseum forbereder en storstilt utstilling med åpning i 2019, TidsRom 1600 – 1914, som vil ta for seg borgerskapet og embedsstanden i nevnte periode. Dette er jo et tema som treffer mitt interessefelt godt, selv om jeg skulle ønske jeg hadde enda bedre oversikt over de mest kjente slektene fra tidsperioden. Men noen av slektene har jeg jobbet en del med i forbindelse med forskjellige slekter, deriblant familien Vogt, som jeg kommer såvdt inn på i denne bloggartikkelen.

Magasinet Aftenposten Historie ved journalist og historiker Ulf Andenæs har publisert en serie med artikler basert på den kommende utstillingen, og det er selvsagt en artikkelserie jeg har lest med stor interesse og hatt utbytte av. Det er vel nesten umulig å unngå feil når man tar for seg borger- og embedsslekter – det blir mange navn og mange datoer å holde styr på. Og da kan man også komme i skade for å basere opplysninger på tidligere publiserte arbeider som inneholder feil. Dermed gjentas feilene, det er dette slektsforskerne gjerne kaller for spredning av slektsvirus. Det er et slikt slektsvirus jeg vil ta opp denne gangen.

I Aftenposten Historie nr. 8 skriver Ulf Andenæs i artikkelen «Norge før og etter 1814. Det gamle og det nye regime» blant annet om juristen, embetsmannen og politikeren Jørgen Herman Vogt (1784–1862). Han var i sitt andre ekteskap gift med grevinne Hedvig Lovisa Frölich (1787–1880), datter av grev Adolf Fredrik Frölich (Sveriges Riddarhus, Grevliga ätten Frölich nr. 49) og Hedvig Eleonora Hummelhjelm. De fikk tre barn sammen, deriblant datteren Ingeborg Hedvig (Hedda) Vogt (1825–1904), som ble gift med den svenske grev Albert Karl August Lars Ehrensvärd (1821–1901). Gjennom denne datteren går en linje til fyrstehuset Liechtenstein og arveprinsesse Sophie, født prinsesse av Bayern. Det betyr at når sønnen Joseph Wenzel, f. 1995, en gang kommer på tronen – han er nå nr. 2 i arverekkefølgen – vil Liechtenstein altså ha en norskættet fyrste.

Ekteskapet mellom Jørgen Herman og Hedvig Lovisa gikk ikke så bra, og i 1837 ble paret separert (noen kilder skriver at de ble skilt, men jeg lar den problemstillingen ligge for nåværende). Andenæs skriver i ovennevnte artikkel s. 36:
«Fruen flyttet ut. Hun døde i sitt svenske fødeland. Vogt ble boende i huset han hadde kjøpt midt i Christiania, i Prinsens gate 8, […]»
Og det er her feilen ligger. Hedvig Lovisa døde nemlig ikke i sitt svenske fødeland, men i Kristiania, Norge. Feilen skyldes nok at noen har blandet sammen den svenske byen Kristianstad med det daværende navnet på den norske hovedstaden, Kristiania (eller Christiania). I den store sammenhengen er det vel ingen alvorlig feil (akkurat som da jeg tok opp den gjentatte feilen om daværende kronprins Olavs kjøp av Bloksberg på Hankø – korrekt år for den formelle eiendomsoverdragelsen var ifølge grunnboken 1949, ikke 1947). Men for slektsforskere er det en kardinalfeil å ikke sjekke primærkilder.

Jeg har ikke Gustaf Elgenstiernas verk Svenska Adelens Ättartavlor 1925–1936 for hånden akkurat nå, men jeg har forstått det slik at den er kilden til feilen som er blitt gjentatt på side 141 i Samuel C. Dotsons bok Genealogie des Fürstlichen Hauses Liechtenstein seit Hartmann II. (1544–1585), utgitt 2003, jf. bokens kildeoversikt. Kanskje finnes samme feil i en relevant utgave av den svenske adelskalenderen, men det har jeg ikke sjekket ennå. På nettet finner man samme feil i artikkelen om Frölich i Adelsvapen.com (TAB 13) og på nettsiden Lindeblad.org. Det finnes sikkert tilsvarende feil på andre nettsider. I en Geni-oppføring har man «utviklet» feilen en smule (skjermbilde tatt i dag, 4. september 2018):

Her er Kristianstad blitt til Kristiansand i Vest-Agder! Jeg vet ikke hvilken kilde Andenæs har brukt (en oversikt er gjengitt på side 37 i artikkelen). To arbeider som nevnes og som eksplisitt kan knyttes til Vogt-familien stammer fra tiden før Hedvig Lovisa døde. Jeg kunne selvsagt tråle meg gjennom all litteraturen som er oppgitt for å finne feilkilden, men jeg vet ikke om det er verdt bryderiet. Feil er det blitt uansett.

Men korrekt dødssted er altså Kristiania. Det vet jeg blant annet fordi jeg har funnet følgende dødsannonse i Aftenposten 8. januar 1880 nr. 6 s. 3:

Annonsen forteller altså at Hedvig Lovisa Vogt «afgik ved Døden i vort Has [sic!] igaar Middag i en Alder af 92 1/2 Aar». Annonsen er signert datteren Clara Gjerdrum og dennes ektemann, kammerherre C.F. [Carl Ferdinand] Gjerdrum. Samme annonse stod på trykk i Aftenposten to dager senere (10. januar 1880 nr. 8, s. 2). Og da må man jo spørre seg hvor kammerherren bodde i 1880? Jo, da sjekker man adressebøkene som ligger på Digitalarkivet. Ettersom 1880-utgaven gikk i trykken høsten 1879, har jeg sjekket både utgavene for 1880 og 1881, og begge forteller at adressen var «Youngs Gd. 13» (altså Youngs Gade 13, i dag Youngs gate 13).

Skjermbildet er hentet fra 1880-utgaven.

Statsraadinden selv finner man også på samme adresse i 1880-utgaven, s. 270:

Kuriøst nok kan man i adresseboken for 1879 lese at både Hedvig Lovisa og Clara og Carl Ferdinand bodde i Youngs gate 11. Om det betyr at familien faktisk flyttet til nabobygget i løpet av 1879 eller om oppføringen er en trykkfeil, kan man jo lure på. Men det er ikke så viktig. For også kirkeboken for Jacobs menighet i Oslo bekrefter at Hedvig Lovisa hadde bolig i Youngs gate 13 da hun døde 7. januar 1880 av marasme.

Hedvig Lovisa (eller Hedvig Louise) Vogt ble dessuten gravlagt på Vår Frelsers gravlund i Kristiania (i dag Oslo) 12. januar 1880. Her er gravstøtten (felt 14):

Photo: © 2005 Dag Trygsland Hoelseth.

Hedvig Lovisa ligger gravlagt sammen med blant annet dattersønnen Albert Gjerdrum (1869–1954). Clara Gjerdrum, f. Vogt (1828–1911) og kammerherre Carl Ferdinand Gjerdrum (1821–1902) ligger på et annet gravfelt på Vår Frelsers gravlund. (Her har for øvrig Gravferdsetaten i Oslo skrevet feil fødselsår for Clara, det skal være 1828, ikke 1822.)

Jeg har ikke klart å finne Hedvig Lovisa Vogt verken i den norske folketellingen 1865 eller 1875. Med forbehold om at jeg ikke har gjort gode nok søk er det jo fullt mulig at statsrådinnen en periode etter separasjonen bodde i sitt fødeland Sverige. Det får nærmere forskning ev. klargjøre. Men uansett er det sikkert og visst at hun i 1879–1880 bodde i Youngs gate 13 i Kristiania, og at hun døde der 7. januar 1880.

Se ellers tilhørende debatt i Digitalarkivets brukerforum.

Oppdatert onsdag 5. september 2018 kl. 9.30 (liten skrivefeil, lenke lagt til), sist gang onsdag 5. september 2018 kl. 14.45 (lenke til Digitalarkivets brukerforum tilføyd).


29 August 2018

Royal golden wedding in Norway

King Harald V and Queen Sonja of Norway celebrated their 50th wedding anniversery today. The golden wedding was among others marked by a special service in Oslo domkirke (Oslo Cathedral), the same church were they were married in 1968.

It is not easy to find photos from the 1968 wedding which are not copyrighted. But here is one photo (from a distance!) when the bridal couple came out of the church after the ceremony. Photo: Unknown/Oslo Museum (Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Norway (CC BY-SA 3.0 NO)).

In attendance were, besides the happy couple, also Crown Prince Haakon, Crown Princess Mette-Marit, Princess Ingrid Alexandra, Prince Sverre Magnus, Princess Märtha Louise, Maud Angelica Behn, Leah Isadora  Behn, Emma Tallulah Behn and Princess Astrid, Mrs. Ferner. Representatives of the official Norway, including the government, members of the court and staff as well as family and friends were also present. The king and queen had also invited 200 people on a first come, first served basis to attend. Just a day after the invitation was announced, more than 3500 people had shown their interest.

The ceremony was officiated by Bishop Kari Veiteberg. Bible texts were read by Princess Ingrid Alexandra, Maud Angelica Behn and Princess Märtha Louise.

I took some time off work to walk down to Karl Johans gate, the main street of Oslo, to see king and queen driving by on their way to the cathedral. The other members of the royal family drove in closed cars a few minutes before Their Majesties.




All four photos: © 2018 Dag Trygsland Hoelseth.  

See more photos at Kongehuset.no. Following the church service, the members of the royal family made a short appearance on the Palace balcony. The celebrations continue tonight with a family dinner. About 60 people have been invited.

Ingrid Bergman's grave, Norra begravningsplatsen, Solna, Sweden

Ingrid Bergman, the Swedish actress, was born in Stockholm on 29 August 1915 as the daughter of the artist Justus Bergman (1871–1929) and Friedel Adler (1884–1918). Ingrid died in London on her 67th birthday in 1982. In other words, today it is 36 years since she passed away.

Following cremation, the urn with parts of her ashes was interred in the grave of her parents and two other family members at Norra begravningsplatsen («The Northern Cemetery») in Solna outside Stockholm, Sweden. The remaining ashes were scattered in the sea at Danholmen outside Fjällbacka in Western Sweden.


Both photos: © 2017 Dag Trygsland Hoelseth.  
 
I will return with a longer article about my visit to Norra begravningsplatsen later on.
 
Ingrid Bergman was definitely one of the most famous Swedish-born women. It is worth mentioning in this regard that the book(-let) Svenska kvinnor. Pionjärer och förebilder («Swedish women. Pioneers and role models»), which will be released in connection with the Swedish Genealogy Convention 2018 in Växjö coming Saturday, includes a short biography of Bergman and her ancestry (three generations).
 
The booklet, which is written by Ted Rosvall and Mikael Hoffsten and published by The Federation of Swedish Genealogical Societies, also includes a short biography and ancestry table of 30 other Swedish women. The booklet will be sold at the genealogy convention and in the online bookshop Rötterbokhandeln.

28 August 2018

Jordmor Anne Martha Ligaard, Stjørdal

Jeg fikk et avisutklipp av en kollega av meg i dag. Hun hadde funnnet det klemt inne i en bok, og trodde i utgangspunktet at artikkelen om Stortinget ville interessere meg, ettersom jeg jo lenge har vært opptatt av Grunnloven og dens historie. I artikkelen kan man lese at Stortinget for 1914 ennå ikke var formelt oppløst, og førstkommende fredag skulle man behandle et forslag om endring i Grunnloven § 75.

Men det var faktisk den andre siden av avisutklippet som interesserte meg mer. Artikkelen omhandler Anne Martha Ligaard, som den 10. samme måned kunne feire 25 års ansettelse som jordmor i Stjørdal. Det har vært flere jordmødre i min familie. De hadde en sentral og viktig funksjon i deres nærmiljø. Og slektshistorie og personbiografier fenger jo nesten alltid for min del, selv om jeg ikke nødvendigvis har noen kobling til personen som omtales.

Den som klippet ut artikkelen i sin tid var nok mer opptatt jordmoren enn på Stortinget. Om min kollega er i slekt med jordmoren er ikke klarlagt ennå.
Noen har skrevet «1914» på avisutklippet. Det tror jeg er feil, for det nevnes i forbindelse med 25-årsjubileet at hun tiltrådte stillingen 10. januar 1890. Så da snakker vi om 1915. Jeg antar at avisutklippet er hentet fra Stjørdalens Blad, som ble grunnlagt i 1892. Konkurrenten Stjørdalingen kom først i 1924. En annen mulighet er Stjørdalens Avis, som gikk inn i 1915, men jeg vet ikke nøyaktig når det året.

For søkehensyn lyder artikkelen som følger:
Anne Martha Ligaard

Søndag den 10de ds. er det 25 aar siden Anne Martha Ligaard blev ansat som jordmor i Stjørdalen. Hun er født i Orkedalen, hvor hendes far var lærer og gaardbruker. 19 aar gammel gik hun ind paa jordmorskolen i Bergen. Hun dimittertes i april 1888, efter at ha gjennemgaat det 1 1/2-aarige kursus med bedste karakter. Hun var en tid ansat som underjordmor paa fødselsstiftelsen i Bergen, hvor hun av daværende overlæge N. Vogt fik den bedste attest for duelighet. Hun søkte høsten 1889 den ledige stilling som jordmor i Stjørdalen og blev av 15 ansøkere den foretrukne. Stillingen tiltraadte hun den 10de januar 1890. Her traf hun ogsaa sammen med sin skoleveninde fra Bergen, Marta Normann, som var blit ansat som jordmor et aars tid tidligere. Og det gode venskap som i skoledagene skaptes har siden holdt ved. De har behhe været flittig benyttet og de har med glæde ofret sig for den vigtige opgave som er dem betrodd.

Anne Martha Ligaard blev gift med garver John Ligaard i 1894 og har hat 6 barn.
Vi finner Anne Martha i folketellingen 1900 med navnet Anemarta Ingebr.dtr Ligaard, født i Ørkedalen i 1868 og bosatt på gården Ligaard (Ligård) i Stjørdal med ektemannen, garver John Johnsen Ligaard, og 3 barn – John Marius, Marie og Ivar. Hennes oppførte yrke var «Husstel og jordemoder».

Ti år senere er hun bosatt samme sted, da er 5 barn registrert bosatt sammen med Anne Martha og John. Man får flere treff på Digitalarkivet, blant annet som «heimedøypar» da Peder Eilert Olsen Voldsæt kom til verden i 1900. Merk at dåpsdatoen er transkribert til 1868-11-01, dvs. 1. november 1868. Det sjette barnet, Odd, ble for øvrig født i 1911.

Blar man litt i kirkebøkene, finner man ikke «vår» Anne Martha født 1. november 1868, men derimot 1. januar 1868, og døpt nøyaktig 2 måneder senere. Foreldre var Ingebrigt Erichsen Tronvaald (så langt jeg kan tyde skriften) og Martha Andersdatter. Skriften er litt enklere ved konfirmasjonen i 1882. Det var da også konfirmasjonsoppføringen som oppga korrekt fødselsdato 1. januar, slik at jeg til slutt fant dåpsoppføringen. Gårdsnavnet ser ut til å bli stavet Tronvoll i dag, etternavnet som oftest Tronvold. Videre finner man vielsen til Anne Martha og John Johnsen Ligaard i Værnes kirke i Nedre Stjørdal sogn 4. januar 1894. Førstefødte Jon Marius, som navnet da ble stavet, kom til verden 9. mai og ble døpt 3. juni samme år.

Anne Martha ble ikke gammel. Hun døde allerede 16. august 1917 av en hjertefeil og ble gravlagt en uke senere. Dødsannonse ble første gang publisert i Stjørdalens Blad 17. august 1917:
«Det blev vor tunge lod at meddele slegt og venner at min høit elskede hustru og vor snille mor jordmor Anne Martha Ligaard døde fra os idag i troen paa sin frelser, 49 1/2 aar gammel. Stjørdal den 16/8 1917.»
Annonsen var signert John J. Ligaard, John, Marie, Ivar, Gudbjørn, Arna og Odd. En kort omtale av dødsfallet ble publisert på foregående side («[…] er efter nogen tids sykelighet igaar avgaat ved døden», kan man lese), med det samme bildet som ble brukt i avisutklippet gjengitt over. Samme annonse ble publisert i Stjørdalens Blad 21. august, da med tillagt informasjon om begravelsen. Ifølge Disnorge.no/gravminner døde enkemannen først i 1944. Man kan finne et bilde av graven på Værnes kirkegård her (muligens du må dobbeltklikke for å få frem bildet). På gravstenen er etternavnet stavet Ligård, mens flere av barna brukte den opprinnelige stavemåten Ligaard.

Oppdatert onsdag 29. august 2018 kl. 08:15 (ortografisk feil rettet opp).

24 August 2018

Vita Brevis: More ancestors of the Princess of Wales

Earlier this month I wrote a short blog article telling about Scott C. Steward's updates on the ancestry of Diana, Princess of Wales in the NEHGS blog Vita Brevis.

Now Steward has posted a follow-up, in which he has reached the late Princess’s great-great-great-grandparents.

22 August 2018

DIZ nr. 3, 2018

Slekt og Data Vestfold kom ut med en ny utgave av medlemsbladet DIZ denne uken. Jeg er ikke medlem av Slekt og Data og har derfor normalt ikke tilgang til medlemsbladene til lokalforeningene, men denne gangen er min far Bjørn Hoelseth en av bidragsyterne, så jeg tenkte jeg kunne kommentere litt av innholdet.

For å ta begynnelsen først: Flott forside med bilde av «Førstereisgutten» ved Kanalbrua i Tønsberg, utført av billedhugger Carl E. Paulsen. Fotografen er Tor Gervin, som er redaktør for tidsskriftet.

Et medlemsblad skal helst inneholde informasjon om foreningens aktiviteter, og Slekt og Data Vestfolds leder John Ludvigsen tar innledningsvis leserne gjennom det som er nytt og det som er på trappene i høst.

Thor Heyerdahl videregående skole i Larvik har i samarbeid med Larvik kommune og Slekt og Data for fjerde år på rad arrangert en slektsforskerkonkurranse for elevene. Konkurransen gir elevene mulighet til å jobbe med ulike kilder og lære kildekritikk. Dessuten får elevene god trening i å skrive en fagtekst og får mer bevissthet om betydningen av lokalhistorie. Vinneren av konkurransen i år ble Aasmund Haatveit, som har skrevet om sin tippoldefar av samme navn. Herværende utgave har intervju med vinneren, som også har fått artikkelen på trykk. Haatveit den eldre var for øvrig født på Groven i Vinje i Telemark i 1836 og vokste etter hvert opp hos fosterforeldre på gåren Tjønn. I 1869 kjøpte han gården Håtveit i Morgedal, men flyttet dit først 4 år senere. Han ble gift med Kriste Aslaksdatter Særend, f. 1848, også hun fra Vinje, i 1876, og de fikk 6 barn sammen, hvorav 5 vokste opp. Kriste døde i 1916, Aasmund i 1928. Det er en god og velskreven artikkel og forhåpentligvis gir seieren en oppmuntring til å gjøre mer slektsarbeid senere. Det er uansett et flott prosjekt som skolen har dratt i gang og som den forhåpentligvis vil fortsette med. Det kan vel ikke være den eneste skolen som har en slik konkurranse? Hvis ikke så går herved oppfordringen!

Min far Bjørn Hoelseth, tidligere blant annet redaktør og journalist i Sandefjords Blad, har skrevet en rekke lokalhistoriske artikler opp gjennom årene, og han har denne gangen bidratt med artikkelen «En modig og rakrygget redaktør. Vestfold Fremtid – Norges første illegale avis» om Sverre Hjertholm (1887–1971) som trosset tyskernes sensur og som ble den første redaktøren som ble fengslet for det. Artikkelen ble første gang skrevet for Sandefjord Lokalhistoriske Senter og publisert i Sandefjords Blad (30. april 2016). Den eneste forskjellen mellom artiklene er at redaktør Gervin har lagt til et forsidebilde av Vestfold Fremtid 11. april 1940. Jeg bidro med noen få opplysninger til artikkelen, som ellers har lite slektshistorie å by på, men kan heller plasseres i kategoriene personhistorie, krigshistorie og pressehistorie.

Neste artikkel, «Kaksens kanne og litt til», er skrevet av Trygve Bruun og omhandler Kongsberg-slekten Bruun (stamektepar jernverkseier Jens Olufsen Brun, d. 1707, og Anne Dorthea Paulsdatter, d. 1709), og en sølvkanne fra ca. 1690 og en messehagel fra ca. 1700. Sølvkannen er inskribert med navnene til ekteparet og sønnen Ole/Olle og som nå er utstilt i Albert & Victoria Museum i London! Messehagelen ble donert av ekteparet til Kongsberg kirke. Disse kulturminnene forteller selvsagt mye om familiens status. Artikkelen sa ellers ikke så mye om det er en forbindelse mellom jernverkseierens slekt og en av de andre kjente Bruun-slektene (se Slektshistoriewiki og Lokalhistoriewiki), eller om det er snakk om enda en Bruun-slekt. Jeg har ikke tid til å sette meg inn i dette akkurat nå. Et (uleselig) slektstre er avbildet i bladet. Trygve Bruun nevner ellers en Aftenposten-artikkel som blant annet omtaler ovennevnte sølvkanne og daterer artikkelen til «1960-årene». Jeg finner ved søk i Aftenposten Arkiv en artikkel av Ada Polak i Aftenposten 10. april 1976. Den har tittelen «Mye fint gammelt norsk sølv i Storbritannia» og har ellers en underoverskrift «Kaksens kanne» som Trygve Bruun viser til, så det er kanskje denne artikkelen han mener? Uansett, jeg håper artikkelforfatteren gjør alvor av tankene om å forske mer på Bruun-slekten fra Kongsberg og etter hvert får publisert en slektsartikkel.

Morten Thorvaldsen ble i våres valgt til ny leder i Slekt og Data sentralt etter Tone Eli Moseid, og DIZ har i den forbindelse et intervju med ham. 

Et slektshistorisk tidsskrift skal gjerne ha artikler om arkiver, slektshistoriske kilder og verktøy, og DIZ har denne gangen to slike – en om Lensmannens dødsfallsprotokoll i Digitalarkivet og en med nærmere informasjon om Arkivverkets nye skjemaer for å få hjelp til å finne kilder og opplysninger.

Alt i alt en utgave med variert innhold og som vitner om en lokalforening med mange jern i ilden.

17 August 2018

Royalty Digest Quarterly no. 2, 2018

The latest issue of Royalty Digest Quarterly (no. 2, 2018) was waiting for me on my return from Australia 12 days ago. The cover is green and beautiful, and the family photo is from the christening of Prince Michel of Bourbon-Parma in 1926, third child of Prince René and Princess Margrethe, née Princess of Denmark and a brother of the late Queen Anne of Romania. Prince Michel died on 7 July this year.

The choice of cover photo signals which family has been rewarded with A Family Album article by the magazine's returning contributor and historical consultant, Charlotte Zeepvat. The readers are treated with the traditional introductory piece about The House of Bourbon-Parma and a large selection of photos and other illustrations – 99 in all, if I have got it right – a number which includes a map and a photo of the Ducal Palace (Palazzo del Giardino) in Parma. The family is large, so you will also find four pages with family tables as well.

Palazzo del Giardino, Parma. Photo: © 2007 Szeder László/Wikimedia Commons.

The first article in this issue, Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, is written by Marlene A. Eilers Koenig. The duchess, b. 1878, d. 1948, who was the daughter Grand Duke Adolf Friedrich (1848–1914) and Grand Duchess Elizabeth, née Princess of Anhalt (1857–1933), had quite a challenging life, having among others an illegitimate child with a footman named Hecht and a rather sad marriage to a Count George Jamatel. Koenig gives a good account of it all. The baby was adopted, and naturally I keep wondering if he or she has ever been identified.

100 years ago this summer, Emperor Nicholas II of the Russias and his family as well as many other members of the Romanov dynasty were murdered. Coryne Hall has contributed with the excellent article Caught in Revolution – Miss White and the Paley Family. Annie Mary White (1873–1940s) was in 1914 employed by Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich (1860–1919) and Olga Countess of Hohenfelsen, née Karnovitz (1866–1929), later created Princess Paley. Miss White played the role as a companion to their daughters. If you only have time for one article in the current issue, this is the one! The genealogist in me of course wonders if it is possible to find the exact date of death for Miss White. A common name, yes, but her death is of course registered somewhere. I had no immediate success when searching for it on Ancestry.com and Findmypast.co.uk, though. I guess I will leave it to someone else ...

The next one out, the article Double Wedding. Two Princesses and Their Different Destinies by Alberto Penna Rodrigues, covers the weddings in 1802 of Princess Maria Antonia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1784–1806) to the then Prince of Asturias, later Fernando VII (1784–1833) and Infanta Maria Isabel (1789–1848) to the then Duke of Calabria, later King Francis I (Francesco I)  of Bourbon Two-Sicilies (1777–1830). An interesting read, but a bit heavy, packed with details and with so many names that a little family table of the two most important families had been in place.

In the series  Little-Known Royals Coryne Hall pays attention to Princess Eugenie of Greece and Denmark (1910–1989), daughter of Prince George (1869–1957) and Princess Marie Bonaparte (1882–1962), and a first cousin to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. She made two marriages, the first to Prince Dominic Radziwill, the second to Prince Raymundo della Torre e Tasso, Duke of Castel Duino, and divorced both of them. She is described as a talented writer, but did she ever publish anything?

Finally, The column The World-Wide Web of Royalty brings news from the royal or princely families of Isenburg, United Kingdom, Denmark, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Saxony, Saxony-Weimar, Sweden, Waldeck and Pyrmont and Württemberg.

Information on Royalty Digest Quarterly can be found at its editor's website Royalbooks.se. See earlier presentation of RDQ here. See also its Facebook page.  

16 August 2018

Princess Märtha Louise's Hankø property for sale

This week the Norwegian newspaper VG, based on a Se og Hør article, published the news that Princess Märtha Louise of Norway's holiday home Bloksberg at Hankø outside Fredrikstad, has been put on the (private) market. The property has been in the royal family since the then Crown Prince Olav bought it in 1949.

When King Olav V died in 1991 the holiday home was inherited by King Harald V. Before the the changes of the financing of the royal family came into force on 1 January 2002, which among others meant that Princess Märtha Louise had to start paying taxes, the property was transferred on 28 December 2001 to Princess Märtha Louise as an advance on her inheritance. At the time the property was valued to about NOK 20 millions.

The spokesperson of Princess Märtha Louise, Carina Cheelde Carlsen, has confirmed to VG that Bloksberg has been put on the market. The Princess has only given a short comment on Instagram, writing «Will miss this view» attached to a photo taken from the cottage. It is not known why she wants to sell, but Se og Hør speculates that the property has become «too big, expensive and complicated to own».  She doesn't have to pay tax on the sale, as she has owned the holiday home for more than 5 years and have also used it for at least 5 of the last 8 years, as the taxation act demands.

King Olav spent time at Bloksberg every summer, as it was a good place to reside during his sailing activities. His royal grandchildren also spent time there, although I believe they spent more time at the Haraldsen holiday home at Tjøme on the other side of the Oslofjord. The property has been used by Princess Märtha Louise and her family almost every year since she inherited it, and her middle daughter Leah Isadora Behn was born there in 2005.

According to a local estate agent (realtor), the current market value of the property could be as much as NOK 70 millions. But the realtor and lawyer Torbjørn Ek, who has been engaged to sell the property, tells in VG today that the property has been valued at NOK 35 millions. But of course the holiday home could be sold for more than that. The property will not be sold on the open market. Interested parties need to contact the real estate company for viewing.

Se og Hør writes that the then Crown Prince Olav bought the property at Hankø in 1947 (then a part of Onsøy municipality, which from 1994 was merged into Fredrikstad municipality) and VG adds that he also rented the place before WW2. The year of transfer is not correct, however. According to Grunnboken, the Land Registry, the deed was dated 31 October 1949 with the price of NOK 91.000. The same information was also published in the local newspaper Demokraten 12 December 1949. It should be added that according to Morgenbladet 22 June 1949, the Crown Prince family was going to spend Sankthansaften (St. John's Eve) at Bloksberg that year, which means that the property was rented by Crown Prince Olav also after the war and up to the formal transfer later the same year.

The Royal Court insists of using the old spelling Bloksbjerg as the name of the property. See for instance Princess Märtha Louise's biography at Kongehuset.no. The official name is, however, Bloksberg without the j, cf. Statens kartverk (the Norwegian Mapping Authority) as well as Seeiendom.no.

Updated on Thursday 16 August 2018 at 22.05 (more details in second last paragraph were added).

14 August 2018

Graves of The Monroes (Tombstone Tuesday)


Both photos: © 2018 Dag Trygsland Hoelseth. 

The Monroes were a Norwegian pop duo which made their breakthrough in 1983 with their debut album «Sunday People», followed up with the album «Face Another Day» two years later. Both albums sold well. All in all The Monroes gave out four albums and one CD collection.

The duo was formed by Lage Fosheim and Eivind Rølles in 1982, after their band Broadway News had been disbanded. They continued to be involved with music also after The Monroes were disbanded in 1993, Fosheim was among others also a promo director for Universal Music as well as manager of the artist Jahn Teigen.

They made great music together and made great contributions to Norwegian music life in general. Unfortunately we lost them far too early. Eivind Rølles died of cancer on 18 March 2013, 54 years old. The funeral service took place in Vestre Aker Church in Oslo on 4 April and he was later interred at Vestre Aker Cemetery. Lage Fosheim (55) died on 19 October 2013 in his holiday home outside Nice, France. Cancer had taken yet another life. The funeral service took place in Uranienborg Church in Oslo on 12 November 2013, followed by interment at Vestre Cemetery.

9 August 2018

Vita Brevis: Revisiting the Princess of Wales

In 2007 the New England Historic Genealogical Society in Boston, USA published the book The Ancestry of Diana Princess of Wales for Twelve Generations by Richard K. Evans (ISBN 978-0-88082-208-4).

It is an impressive piece of work, but of course not without errors. More sources have also been made available since it was published. Earlier this month Scott C. Steward, who edited the book and who has been NEHGS’ Editor-in-Chief since 2013, published in the blog Vita Brevis the article «Revisiting the Princess of Wales», in which he corrects errors and adds information which were not available at the time of publishing. The article is worth reading for anyone interested in royal and/or noble genealogy or genealogy in general for that matter.

8 August 2018

Gjallarhorn nr. 62 (Juli 2018)

Siste utgave av Gjallarhorn, medlemsbladet til Vestfold Slektshistorielag og Buskerud Slektshistorielag, lå og ventet på meg i postkassen da jeg returnerte fra utenlandsferie sent søndag kveld. Utgaven er på 48 sider og har mange spennende artikler å by på. Jeg har ikke fått lest alt ennå, men tillater meg likevel en liten presentasjon av innholdet og noen få kommentarer.

Utgaven inneholder blant annet følgende artikler:
  • Egil Theie: Vi har fått flere kilder på Nauen! (s. 4–5)
  • Torbjørn Steen-Karlsen: Slektsforbindelser Lier – Eiker – Sande – Ramnes. Del 1: Justad i Lier, Stokke og Teien i Sande, Krokstad på Eiker, Berg i Ramnes (s. 6–18)
  • Torbjørn Steen-Karlsen: Angrimslekta i Tønsberg. Gården Duerød (s. 19–20)
  • Torbjørn Steen-Karlsen: Tveiten i Sem ( s. 20–23)
  • Maureen Ann Mathisen: VSHL's tur til Vestfoldarkivet (s. 23).
  • Odd Arne Helleberg: Når en må hjelpe fakta (s. 24–27)
  • Svein Davidsen: Nye DNA testresultater tillater sammenkopling av genetisk og tradisjonelle anetre (s. 28–33)
  • Jonn Harry Eriksen: Glasspustere. Wentzel-slekta En del etterkommere (s. 34–40)
  • Torbjørn Steen-Karlsen: Ulabrand (s. 41–42)
  • Torbjørn Steen-Karlsen: Jan H. Anthonisen 28. oktober 1944 – 18. juni 2018 (s. 43)
I tillegg finner man sedvanlig foreningsstoff, deriblant årsberetning og regnskap for Vestfold Slektshistorielag. Jeg har røtter både i Vestfold (først og fremst Sandefjord, Sandar, Tjølling, Stokke, Andebu og Hedrum) og Buskerud (Skoger og Ringerike), men er bare medlem av Vestfold Slektshistorielag. Det er vel uansett tilstrekkelig når medlemsbladet er felles for begge foreningene.

Det drives godt i Vestfold Slektshistorielag. Aktivitetene er mange på slektssenteret Nauen, og de nye kildene som listes opp – blant annet annonser og kunngjøringer fra Tønsbergs Blad og kilder fra Borre – er spennende. Jeg har ennå til gode å besøke slektssenteret på Nauen. Det bør jeg få gjort noe med.

Medlemsbladet har flere faste bidragsytere. Denne gangen er det først og fremst Torbjørn Steen-Karlsen som har fått boltre seg. I artiklene Slektsforbindelser Lier – Eiker – Sande – Ramnes og  Tveiten i Sem er kildene oppgitt enten i noter eller løpende tekst. Jeg antar at han også har benyttet kirkebøker, men disse nevnes ikke. Det samme gjelder vel også for artikkelen Angrimslekta i Tønsberg. Gården Duerød (jeg har for øvrig skrevet et ytterst kort sammendrag på Slektshistoriewiki). Det er også oppgitt henvisning til skifteprotokoll i to fotnoter.

Jonn Harry Eriksens artikkel om glasspusterslekten (glassblåserslekten) Wentzel er spennende. Det antydes at det vil komme flere artikler om glassblåserslekter med tilknytning til glassverkene i Sandsvær og Hokksund. De fleste glassblåserne kom fra Tyskland, men det kom også noen fra England og Frankrike. Glasshåndverkerne flyttet gjerne på seg fra det ene glassverket til det andre rundt om i landet og gjennom flere generasjoner var giftermål mellom glassblåserfamiliene snarere regelen enn unntaket.

Anne Minken er vel den som har best oversikt over slektene. I 2000 leverte hun masteroppgaven Innvandrere ved norske glassverk og etterkommerne deres (1741–1865). En undersøkelse av etnisk identitet.

Svein Wiborg, som selv stammer fra flere glassblåserslekter, ga en god oversikt over slektene i artikkelen «Kompetansemotivert innvandring til de norske glassverkene på 1700-tallet. Slekter fra Tyskland, England og Frankrike», som ble publisert i Norsk Slektshistorisk Forenings medlemsblad Genealogen nr. 2, 2003, s. 20–26. Odd Wentzel har også jobbet mye med glassblåserslektene, men etter å ha søkt på Oria kan jeg ikke se at han har utgitt noe. Det er ellers skrevet mye litteratur om glassverkene og om glassblåserne der, og jeg har, sterkt inspirert av artikkelen om Wentzel-slekten, begynt på en oversikt i Slektshistoriewiki. Der har jeg, og gjerne andre, åpenbart et stort lerret å bleke.

Wentzel-slekten er med andre ord omtalt både i trykte kilder og diverse sider på nettet, deriblant her. Slekten er også diskutert i flere tråder på Digitalarkivets tidligere og nåværende brukerforum. John Harry Eriksen gjør dessverre ikke rede for hva han ev. har gjennomgått av tidligere utgitt litteratur, og han oppgir heller ikke kilder overhodet for slektsartikkelen. Selvsagt har han gjennomgått kirkebøker m.m., men hvorfor nevnes de ikke? Jeg kan forstå at man av plasshensyn ikke tar med henvisning til hver eneste primærkilde man har funnet, men en liten oversikt over litteratur og kirkebøker etc. hadde vært på sin plass.

Eriksen skriver ydmykt nok at «Her er det helt sikkert mange mangler og mye historie å skrive som jeg håper det er andre som kan legge til og evt. rette på.» Men likevel: Eriksen gjør ikke et forsøk på å fortelle hvor i Tyskland slekten kommer fra. Han oppgir ellers kun to barn av Frantz Wentzel (f. 1710), nemlig Hans Henrik Wentzel, f. 1735, og Joacim Jørgen Frantzen Wentzel, f. 1747. Frantz giftet seg i 1753 i Haug kirke med Karen Mortensdatter. Men Anne Minken oppga allerede i 2005 følgende barn med Karen, nemlig Fransiscus Henricus, f. 1757, Christiane Marie, f. 1760, Augustin Wilhelm f. 1762, Søren døpt 29. oktober 1767 og Christian Fredrik, døpt 8. juni 1770. Disse nevner Eriksen ikke, ei heller dødsåret til Frantz, som ifølge Minken var 1772. Det må da være et minstekrav at man søker i brukerforumet til Digitalarkivet når man gir seg i kast med en slik slektsartikkel? Uansett, det er et spennende initiativ, og jeg ser frem til å lese om flere av glassblåserslektene i senere utgaver.

Det går mange historier om losen Ulabrand, som egentlig het Anders Jacob Johansen. Han var født på Lille Eftang i Tjølling i 1815 og omkom under et forlis i 1881. Steen-Karlsen har oppført en fem generasjoners anetavle, dessverre uten å oppgi hvilke kirkebøker m.m. han har gjennomgått. Han siterer også Wikipedia-artikkelen om Ulabrand. Det er vel og bra, men ettersom artiklene på Wikipedia jevnlig oppdateres, burde versjonsdatoen ha vært oppgitt. Steen-Karlsen har valgt å begrense artikkelen til å omhandle Ulabrands aner, men jeg hadde gjerne sett at han også tok med barna. Sønnen Lars døde for øvrig i samme forlis i 1881.Kanskje kommer det en etterslektsartikkel ved en senere anledning? Det skal for øvrig ikke utelukkes at jeg selv kan kobles til Ulabrand, eller kanskje mer sannsynlig til kona Maren Katrine Thorsdatter fra Bjønnes, men jeg har hittil gjort for lite forskning på Tjølling-anene mine til å kunne si noe sikkert.

Alt i alt er det mye og variert lesestoff i denne utgaven, og jeg gleder meg til å lese artiklene mer inngående. Førsteinntrykket er godt, men jeg ser allerede ved en rask skumlesning at redaktøren kunne ha spandert litt mer tid på korrekturlesing, noe som ville gitt bladet ytterligere et løft.

Short English summary: The article is about the latest issue of Gjallarhorn (no. 62, July 2018), the newsletter of Vestfold Slektshistorielag (Vestfold Genealogical Society) and Buskerud Slektshistorielag (Buskerud Genealogical Society). Bsides a short presentation of the newsletter's contents I have made a few comments, first of all concerning the article about the glass-blower family Wentzel.

Updated on Thursday 9 August 2018 at 07.40 (typo corrected).

9 July 2018

UK: Christening of Prince Louis of Cambridge

The christening of Prince Louis of Cambridge, son of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, took place in The Chapel Royal at St James’s Palace in London today, 9 July 2018. The ceremony was officiated by Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby.

According to the press release the following guests attended the christening ceremony:
  • The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall
  • The Duke and Duchess of Sussex
  • Michael and Carol Middleton 
  • James and Pippa Matthews
  • James Middleton
  • The godparents of Prince Louis (with spouses), all friends or family of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge:
    • Nicholas van Cutsem (wife Alice, née Hadden-Paton)
    • Guy Wignall Pelly (wife Elizabeth «Lizzy», née Wilson)
    • Harry Aubrey-Fletcher (wife Louise, née Stourton)
    • The Lady Laura Meade (daugther of Julian Marsham, 8th Earl of Romney, her husband is James Meade)
    • Hannah Gillingham Carter (husband Robert Carter)
    • Lucy Middleton (first cousin of the Duchess of Cambridge)
Prince George and Princess Charlotte were also present, while their great-grandparents Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, were absent. As far as I know no explicit reason has been given, but it was not due to ill health.

Following the 40 minutes' long service, the guests were invited to tea at Clarence House. They were among others served slices of christening cake, which was a tier taken from The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s wedding cake.

Updated on Monday 6 August 2018 at 13.30 (typo corrected).

1 July 2018

Royal June Summary

June 2018 is history. It has been a month full of royal events – among others a christening, a birth and several deaths. Normally I would have written blog articles about most of these events, if not all, but I just didn't find the time. What follows is a short summary of the most important events as I see them.

8 June: The christening of Princess Adrienne of Sweden, daughter of Princess Madeleine and Chris O'Neill, took place at Drottningholm Palace Chapel in the presence of King Carl XVI Gustaf, Queen Silvia, Crown Princess Victoria, Prince Daniel, Prince Oscar, Prince Carl Philip. Princess Sofia, Prince Alexander, Prince Gabriel, Princess Madeleine, Christopher O'Neill, Princess Leonore, Prince Nicolas, Princess Margaretha, Mrs. Ambler, Princess Birgitta, Princess Désirée, Baroness Silfverschiöld, Baroness Christina Louise De Geer and Baron Hans De Geer, Hélène Silfverschiöld and Fredrik Dieterle, Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson and Tord Magnuson, Gustaf Magnuson and Vicky Magnuson, Dagmar von Arbin, Marianne Bernadotte, Countess of Wisborg, Bertil Bernadotte, Count of Wisborg and Jill Bernadotte, Countess of Wisborg.

Princess Estelle was named in the guest list that was released, but had apparently got sick and was therefore absent.

From the Queen's family: Thomas de Toledo Sommerlath, Walther L. Sommerlath and Ingrid Sommerlath, Patrick Sommerlath, Leopold Lundén Sommerlath, Anaïs Sommerlath, Chloé Sommerlath and Maline Sommerlath. From the O'Neill family: Eva Maria O'Neill, Annalisa O'Neill, Karen O'Neill, Tatjana d'Abo and Henry d'Abo, Anouska d'Abo, Countess Natascha Abensperg und Traun and Countess Milana Abensperg und Traun

From Germany HH Prince Andreas of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, a first cousin of the king. In addition representatives of the official Sweden, court and staff as well as friends of Princess Madeleine and her husband were also present. Sponsors of Princess Adrienne were Anouska d'Abo, Coralie Charriol Paul, Nader Panahpour, Baron Gustav Thott, Charlotte Kreuger Cederlund andn Natalie Werner.

Archbishop Antje Jackelén officiated, assisted by Bishop and Chief Court Chaplain Johan Dalman and Court Chaplain and Rector of the Royal Court Parish Michael Bjerkhagen. Following the christening ceremony the guests were invited to a reception at Drottningholm Palace.

The arms of Princess Adrienne, Duchess of Blekinge: The four quarters of the arms show the lesser coat of arms of Sweden (field 1 and 4), the arms of Folkunga (field 2) and in field 3 the arms of Blekinge. The inescutcheon shows the arms of the House of Bernadotte. In addition the badge of the Order of the Seraphim.

9 June: Prince Georg-Constantin of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach died in a riding accident near Apethorpe Palace in Northamptonshire, 41 years old. Georg-Constantin was the only son of Prince Wilhelm, a first cousin of the head of the family, Prince Michael. Georg-Constantin was survived by his parents, his wife Olivia, née Page and sister Désirée, Countess von und zu Hoensbroech. The late prince was the designated heir to the headship and his death means that the house will eventually die out in the male line.

11 June would have been Prince Henrik's 84th birthday. In his memory Queen Margrethe founded a medal which was given to members of the royal family, members of the court and staff and others who played a role in connection with Prince Henrik's illness, death and funeral. Prince Henrik's Memorial Medal is in silver and with a crown. Obverse: Queen Margrethe's profile faced right and the inscription «MARGARETA II – REGINA DANIÆ». Reverse: Prince Henrik's crowned monogram and the inscription «11.6.1934 – 13.2.2018». The medal is carried in a red cross ribbon with a wide middle stripe in white between two small stripes in gold. Go here for photos of the medal.

17 June: Prince Norodom Ranariddh of Cambodia was seriously injuried while his wife Ouk Phalla was killed in a road accident in Preah Sihanouk province's Prey Nub district in Cambodia. Former Prime Minister Prince Ranariddh (b. 1944) is the half-brother of King Norodom Sihamoni (b. 1953) and son of Norodom Sihanouk (1922–2012). Ranariddh married Ouk Phalla, his second wife, in 2010. The cremation of Ouk Phalla took place on 20 June.

18 June: Zara and Mike Tindall became parents to a daughter, who was born at the Maternity Unit of the Stroud General Hospital in Glouchestershire. According to the press release, «The Queen, The Duke of Edinburgh, The Princess Royal, Captain Mark Phillips and Mike’s parents, Mr Philip and Mrs Linda Tindall, have been informed and are delighted with the news.» Zara Tindall is the daughter of HRH The Princess Royal (Princess Anne) and Mark Phillips. Zara and Mike's first daughter, Mia Grace, was born in 2014. The baby girl, who is the fourth grandchild of The Princess Royal and the seventh great-grandchild of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, was later named Lena Elizabeth.

19 June: HH Princess Elisabeth of Denmark, the eldest daughter of Hereditary Prince Knud (1900–1976) and Hereditary Princess Caroline-Mathilde (1912–1995), died at 6.15 p.m. after a long illness, surrounded by her closest family, 83 years old. Princess Elisabeth, who for 45 years worked for the Danish Ministry of foreign affairs, was a first cousin of Queen Margrethe of Denmark and a second cousin of King Harald of Norway. Princess Elisabeth never married, but lived with filmmaker and director Claus Hermansen (1919–1997) for many years. Her younger brothers were Prince Ingolf (later Count of Rosenborg), b. 1940, and Prince Christian (later Count of Rosenborg) (1942–2013). They grew up at Sorgenfri Palace in Lyngby outside Copenhagen. Princess Elisabeth moved back to the palace in 2015. It has not been explicitly stated whether she died at home or in a local hospital.

The funeral service took place at Lyngby Church, where also her christening and confirmation took place, on 25 June. Queen Margrethe, Princess Benedikte and Queen Anne-Marie of the Hellenes were present, in addition to Count Ingolf and Countess Sussie of Rosenborg and Princess Elisabeth's niceses Josephine, Camilla and Feodora af Rosenborg (daughters of the late Count Christian of Rosenborg). See photos here. The urn with the ashes of the princess will be interred at Lyngby Cemetery next to the grave of Claus Hermansen.

20 June: It was announced that the christening of Prince Louis of Cambridge will take place on Monday 9 July 2018 in The Chapel Royal at St James’s Palace in London. Prince Louis will be christened by The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Reverend Justin Welby.

25 June: Prince Friedrich-Karl of Waldeck and Pyrmont died, 85 years old. Prince Friedrich-Karl, a grandson of the last reigning prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Friedrich (1865–1893–1918–1946), was married to Ingeborg von Biela and had 3 daughters and 8 grandchildren.

26 May 2018

Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark's 50th birthday celebrations

HRH Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark celebrates his 50th birthday today, 26 May. The anniversary has been marked by several events and activities, including a «Royal Run», receptions, a gala banquet tonight and a birthday show tomorrow. The program in English can be found here.

Queen Margrethe hosts a gala banquet at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen tonight, with guests from both Denmark and abroad. The main guests are (I have mainly used the court's own list, with some changes):

The Royal Family
  • HM Queen Margrethe of Denmark
  • HRH Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark
  • HRH Crown Princess Mary of Denmark
  • HRH Prince Joachim of Denmark
  • HRH Princess Marie of Denmark
  • HH Prince Nikolai of Denmark
  • HRH Princess Benedikte of Denmark [, Princess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg] 
  • HSH Prins Gustav of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg 
  • HSH Princess Alexandra of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg
  • HM King Constantine of the Hellenes
  • HM Queen Anne-Marie of the Hellenes
  • HRH Crown Prince Pavlos of Greece
  • HRH Crown Princess Marie-Chantal of Greece
  • HRH Prince Philippos of Greece
  • HRH Princess Theodora of Greece
  • HRH Princess Maria-Olympia of Greece
  • HRH Prince Constantine-Alexios of Greece
Foreign heads of state and royal dignitaries
  • HM King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
  • HM Queen Silvia of Sweden
  • HRH Crown Prince Victoria of Sweden
  • HRH Prince Daniel of Sweden
  • HRH Crown Prince Haakon of Norway
  • HRH Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway
  • HM King Philippe of the Belgians
  • HM Queen Mathilde of the Belgians
  • HM King Willem Alexander of the Netherlands
  • HM Queen Máxima of the Netherlands
  • HRH Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg
  • HRH Grand Duchess Maria Teresa of Luxembourg
  • HSH Hereditary Prince Alois of Liechtenstein
  • HRH Hereditary Princess Sophie of Liechtenstein
  • H.E. Guðni Th. Jóhannesson, President of Iceland
  • Eliza Jean Reid
Other family members
  • HE Count Ingolf of Rosenborg
  • Countess Sussie of Rosenborg
  • HE Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg
  • Guillaume Bardin
  • Guillaume Bardin
  • Patricia Bailey
**

Other royals
  • HRH Prince Charles of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
  • HRH Princess Camilla of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

Other guests include members of the Government, Folketinget (the Parliament), official representatives of Greenland and Faroe Islands, members of the court and staff and many others. For a full list go here.

Updated on Sunday 27 May 2018 at 20:00 (minor typo corrected).

25 May 2018

Coat of arms of HRH The Duchess of Sussex

Buckingham Palace announced today the coat of arms of HRH The Duchess of Sussex, formerly Meghan Markle, wife since Saturday 19 May 2018 of HRH The Duke of Sussex (Prince Harry).

The press release said in full:
A Coat of Arms has been created for The Duchess of Sussex. The design of the Arms was agreed and approved by Her Majesty The Queen and Mr. Thomas Woodcock (Garter King of Arms and Senior Herald in England), who is based at the College of Arms in London.

Her Royal Highness worked closely with the College of Arms throughout the design process to create a Coat of Arms that was both personal and representative.

The blue background of the shield represents the Pacific Ocean off the California coast, while the two golden rays across the shield are symbolic of the sunshine of The Duchess's home state. The three quills represent communication and the power of words.

Beneath the shield on the grass sits a collection of golden poppies, California's state flower, and wintersweet, which grows at Kensington Palace.
It is customary for Supporters of the shield to be assigned to Members of the Royal Family, and for wives of Members of the Royal Family to have one of their husband’s Supporters and one relating to themselves. The Supporter relating to The Duchess of Sussex is a songbird with wings elevated as if flying and an open beak, which with the quill represents the power of communication.

A Coronet has also been assigned to The Duchess of Sussex. It is the Coronet laid down by a Royal Warrant of 1917 for the sons and daughters of the Heir Apparent. It is composed of two crosses patée, four fleurs-de-lys and two strawberry leaves.

The arms of a married woman are shown with those of her husband and the technical term is that they are impaled, meaning placed side by side in the same shield.

Mr. Thomas Woodcock, Garter King of Arms said: "The Duchess of Sussex took a great interest in the design. Good heraldic design is nearly always simple and the Arms of The Duchess of Sussex stand well beside the historic beauty of the quartered British Royal Arms. Heraldry as a means of identification has flourished in Europe for almost nine hundred years and is associated with both individual people and great corporate bodies such as Cities, Universities and for instance the Livery Companies in the City of London."
The heraldic artist is, cf. the signature,  Robert John Parsons. The College of Arms will most certainly give the blazon (description) of the arms later on.

23 May 2018

Maternal family of HRH The Duchess of Sussex

The day before HRH The Duke of Sussex (Prince Harry) married Meghan Markle, the American genealogist Christopher C. Child published the article «Meghan Markle's maternal family» in Vita Brevis, the blog of the New England Historic Genealogical Society.

In the blog article Child shows Meghan's matrilineal ancestry back to a Millie Jones, who was born in Georgia around 1815 and appeared last time in the national census of 1880, then living at Smiths in Hart County, Georgia.

Concerning Meghan's first marriage to Trevor Engelson, Child writes that they married at Ocho Rios, Jamaica on 10 September 2011.

His source is the Wikipedia article about the duchess. While there is no doubt that the wedding was celebrated in Jamaica, genealogists would normally focus on the legal marriage, which seems to have taken place in Los Angeles, USA. In his book Meghan: A Hollywood Princess, 2018 (Kindle Edition, Loc 1329), Andrew Morton writes:
With the ocean as backdrop, the couple recited vows they had written themselves [...] Though the couple had officially married in Los Angeles in a brief civil ceremony, this was the real celebration for family and friends, [...]
In other words, the legal marriage took place earlier than 10 September 2011. I suspect, however, that Child already knows this. In the third paragraph of his article, he stresses that «The lineage should be considered preliminary, as I have ordered several additional twentieth-century records that might lead to corrections or additions to the facts below.» He might have ordered twentyfirst-century records as well?

Postscript 26 May 2018 at 19:25: My article above was cut short because I had to prepare for a meeting. I had intended to comment on Andrew Morton's sources before signing off. Sources for the claim that the couple married in a civil ceremony in Los Angeles are not explicitly given. In the Acknoweledgement section the author refers to among others certain family members and friends, some by name, some unidentified. The way the ceremony at Ocho Rios was described, however, it seems quite plausible that the couple was already legally married before entering the island. I wonder, though, if documentation of the civil wedding in LA, is available, or do we have to wait some time before such details are released?

Updated on Saturday 26 May 2018 at 19:25 (postscript added).

21 May 2018

UK: Sussex wedding

HRH The Duke of Sussex, younger son of the Prince of Wales and the late Diana, Princess of Wales, married at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle on 19 May 2018 Rachel Meghan Markle, daugher of Thomas Markle and Doria Ragland. I was away for the weekend, so I could not post my observations before now.

From a constitutional and genealogical point of view, and that is usually what I focus on, there is not much to write about. The engagement was announced on 27 November 2017 and the Queen expressed that she was «delighted» for the couple. The formal declaration of consent was given on 14 March 2018. From the Court Circular of 19 May we learn that «The Marriage of Prince Henry of with Ms. Meghan Markle was solemnized in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, today».

In the Court Circular the Duke of Sussex was still referred to as Prince Henry of Wales.  Earlier the same day the following announcement was given:
Prince Harry and Ms. Meghan Markle: Announcement of Titles

Published 19 May 2018

The Queen has today been pleased to confer a Dukedom on Prince Henry of Wales.  His titles will be Duke of Sussex, Earl of Dumbarton and Baron Kilkeel.

Prince Harry thus becomes His Royal Highness The Duke of Sussex, and Ms. Meghan Markle on marriage will become Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Sussex.
The title «Duke of Sussex» was for unknown reasons always the favourite of the bookmakers and they got it right this time, just like in 2011 when the Queen conferred on Prince William the title «Duke of Cambridge». Harry's new title was created for the first time in 1801 for Prince Augustus Frederick, the sixth son and ninth child of King George III and Queen Charlotte. The prince married twice in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act (the first time before the title creation), so there never was a Duchess of Sussex. Meghan has thus become the first one. And of course, Prince Harry has become the 2nd Duke (1st Duke of the 2nd creation).
 https://twitter.com/RoyalFamily/status/997736471154122752
So, when the constitutional aspects have been touched upon, as well as basic genealogical facts of the marriage, I could move on to the guest list. But as far as I know such a list has not been released. In the Court Circular we only learn, following the sentence of the solemnization:
The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh, with The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall and other Members of the Royal Family, arrived at St. George's Chapel and were received at the Galilee Porch by the Dean and Chapter of Windsor.

Prince Henry of Wales, with The Duke of Cambridge, was received at the West Door by the Dean and Chapter of Windsor and Their Royal Highnesses were conducted to the Bray Chapel.

Ms. Meghan Markle drove to St. George's Chapel and was received at the West Door by the Dean of Windsor.

The Service was performed by the Archbishop of Canterbury, assisted by the Dean of Windsor.

At the conclusion of the Service the Registers were signed in the Ambulatory.

The Bride and Bridegroom drove to Windsor Castle in an Ascot Landau, processed through the town of Windsor and returned to the Castle where The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh gave a Reception in their honour.
And that is not much to go by. Of course I watched the whole broadcast and as far as I know all the members of the British Royal Family were present except for Prince Louis of Cambridge, who was born earlier this year. Prince Philip, who will be 97 next month, had a hip operation earlier this year, but still walked without crutches. Very impressive.

Members of  Prince Harry's mother's side were of course also present. From the bride's family only her mother Doria Ragland was in attendance. Two days before the wedding Kensington Palace confirmed that Meghan's father, Thomas Markle, would not attend, and his health problems was given as an explanation. It had earlier been revealed that he had  had posed for staged photos with a paparazzi photographer and the embarrassment of it all might have made him feel too uncomfortable to attend. One can only feel sorry both for Meghan as well as for her father. She clearly wanted both her parents present for her wedding. Instead of her father, Ms. markle was accompanied to the altar by the Prince of Wales.

It appears that Meghan has had little or no contact with her half-brother Thomas Markle and Samantha Grant and their families for many years. They have created quite a few headlines before and after the engagement was announced, so it is not difficult to understand that they were not invited. That no uncles and aunts or other family members were invited was perhaps more surprising. It might say something about Meghan's priorities regarding family, but then again one should be careful not to jump to conclusions. She surely has her reasons.

The only royals who attended the royal wedding besides the members of the British Royal Family were Prince Seeiso and Princess Mabereng of Lesotho. Prince Harry has known Prince Seeiso, who is the youngest brother of King Letsie III of Lesotho, for many years. In 2006 the two princes founded Sentebale, a charity that «supports the mental health and wellbeing of children and young people affected by HIV in Lesotho and Botswana,» to quote the charity's own website. Prince Harry has had little personal contact with members of the European royal family, which probably explains to some extent why no-one was invited. Of course he is only the younger son of the Prince of Wales and thus not in the direct line to inherit the throne, so his wedding could not be as grand as his brother's was. But I still felt something was missing. We already knew that no politicians would attend, but I still find it strange that the 6th in line of succession did not even invite the prime minister. One former prime minister attended, though – John Major – apparently because he following the death of Diana, Princess of Wales had played the role as guardian to Prince William and Prince Harry, being responsible for legal and administrative matters.

Instead of royals and representatives of the official UK, Harry and Meghan had invited representatives of charities and organisations Harry has endorsed as well as a long and impressive list of celebrities, including Oprah Winfrey, Idris Elba, George Clooney and his wife Amal Alamuddin,  David and Victoria Beckham and Elton John and his husband David Furnish, to mention a few.

It was a great and enjoyable wedding ceremony, though. The couple looked a bit nervous, but very much happy and in love, the weather was great and the church was beautifully decorated. So much could be said about the dresses and the hats. Oh, the hats! But I will leave it at that. The ceremony had many highlights, including the introit, the hymns and the song «Stand by me» performed by Karen Gibson and the Kingdom Choir. Not to mention the address by the American Bishop Michael Curry, the presiding bishop and primate of the Episcopal Church. How he could preach! The full text of his address can be read here, while the order of service is available here.

The service was lead by the Dean of Windsor, David Conner, while the marriage was solemnized by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby.

Postscript Tuesday 22 May 2018 at 23.35: When commenting on non-British royals attending the wedding last Saturday, I obviously focused on reigning families. That is why I only mentioned the princely couple of Lesotho. But there were members of former reigning families and/or «Gotha members», including Princess Xenia of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (a grand niece of Prince Philip and thus Prince Harry's second cousin) and Hereditary Prince Franz-Albrecht and Hereditary Princess Cleopatra of Oettingen-Spielberg (others would have to enlighten me concerning the motivation for inviting them – they certainly are not close relatives of Prince Harry, but obviously have learnt to know eachother somehow).

Besides the family members, representatives of charities and organisations and the celebrities – I could have mentioned many more than I did – there were of course also many friends of the couple in attendance, including Meghan's colleagues from the TV series Suits. I decided to give only a few examples. No full guest list has been released, but Netty Leistra and other contributors have assembled a survey in the guestlist section at the forum Nobiliana. Please go there if you want more names and details!

Updated last time on Tuesday 22 May 2018 at 23.35 (postscript added).

1 May 2018

Genealogen nr. 1, 2018

Siste utgave av Genealogen, medlemsbladet til Norsk Slektshistorisk Forening, kom i posten i går. Som vanlig kan bladet by på flere slekts- og temaartikler og foreningsstoff. Hovedartiklene denne gangen er:
  • Sten Høyendahl: Den problematiske slekten på Søndre Ringstad i Trøgstad
  • Lars Holden: Historisk befolkningsregister
  • Liv Marit Haakenstad: Kildekritikk og kildeføring
  • Lars Østensen: Hr. Hans Olsen Metrosinensis residerende kapellan til Torsken
  • Are S. Gustavsen: Jertrud Finnkjellsdotter (ca. 1729–1805), ei husmannskone i Skoger fra Vang i Valdres
I spalten «Ny litteratur» har Lars Løberg anmeldt oversettelsen av Sagaen om Håkon Ivarsson. Oversettelsen er det Edvard Eikill som har stått for, og utgiver er forlaget Sagabok. Videre har Anfinn Bernaas anmeldt Heime og ute. Brevskifte mellom Ivar Kleiven og Kristian Prestgard 1886–1932, redigert av Gudmund Harilstad og Kristoffer Kruken. Utgivelsen inneholder 78 brev skrevet av slekts- og lokalhistoriker Ivar Kleiven (1854–1934) og journalist og redaktør Kristian Prestgard (1866–1946), og har et register som teller over 700 personer.

Mitt eget bidrag denne gangen er anmeldelsen av  Torbjørn Greipslands Helt til jordens ende, som ble utgitt på Ventura forlag i 2017. Greipsland er både redaktør og bidragsyter. Andre hovedbidragsytere er Gracia Grindal, tidligere professor ved Luther Seminary i St. Paul, Minnesota, misjonsprest Sigmund Edland og cand.theol. Erik Kjebekk. Boken omhandler de mange norsk-amerikanske misjonærene. Hoveddelen inneholder biografier om rundt 30 misjonærer, mens del 2 innholder omfattende lister over misjonærene og som gir et godt personbiografisk utgangspunkt for videre forskning.

En del foreningsstoff må det også bli plass til i et medlemsblad. Foreningens årsmøte går av stabelen onsdag 23. mai og i den forbindelse er det gitt plass til åresberetning, regnskap og forslag til nytt styre og vedtektsendringer. Man kan også finne oversikt over donerte bøker til NSFs bibliotek og en særskilt oversikt over bokgaver fra Berit Gullbekk, som døde i desember 2017. Leserne får også et innblikk i flere prosjekter som foreningen har på gang, som avfotografering av «Totens Slegter», stamtavleverket til Henrich Holst Neumann (1863–1936) Fire av de til sammen 11 bindene er allerede avfotografert. Foreningen planlegger også å registrere og indeksere alle skifter som er foretatt i Norge. Dette er et stort og langvarig prosjekt som krever mange frivillige. Et viktig prosjekt som jeg håper mange vil bli med på!

Norsk Slektshistorisk Forening har hatt kontor og bibliotek og tilgang til møtelokaler i Øvre Slottsgata 2 B i Oslo siden 2010 sammen med andre foreninger tilknyttet Norsk Kulturvernforbund. Det har vært et flott og sentralt sted å være, men dessverre er husleien litt for stor for en forening av NSFs størrelse. I medlemsbladet kan man lese litt om flytteplanene. Nye lokaler er snart spikret, men jeg skal overlate til styret med å gi nærmere detaljer når kontrakten for nytt sted er undertegnet. Personlig synes jeg det er leit at foreningen må flytte, men jeg har selvsagt stor forståelse for at økonomiske hensyn må komme først. NSF vil flytte litt ut av byen, men får større plass, lettere tilgjengelighet for de som er avhengige av bil og pengene man sparer inn på lavere husleie kan brukes til andre prosjekter som kommer medlemmene til gode.

In English: The article is about the latest issue of Genealogen, the newsletter of the Norwegian Genealogical Society. In addition to genealogy articles and book reviews, the issue has information about this year's annual meeting, which takes place on 23 May. In addition the readers can learn about ongoing projects which the society has initiated and surveys of donated books to the library. The board also informs about the decision to move the office and library to a new place. The move will take place during the summer of 2018. More details about the new address will be given later.

27 April 2018

Name announcement: HRH Prince Louis of Cambridge

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge's third child, who was born on Monday 23 April 2018, has been named Louis Arthur Charles, Kensington Palace announced via its Twitter account today:
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are delighted to announce that they have named their son Louis Arthur Charles.

The baby will be known as His Royal Highness Prince Louis of Cambridge.
The Battenbergs/Mountbattens continue to hold a strong impact on the British royal family.  The line of princes named Ludwig or Louis, two versions of the same name. is almost endless. Some examles:
  • Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1691–1768), father of
  • Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1719–1790), father of
  • Ludwig X, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, later Grand Duke Ludwig I of Hesse and the Rhine (1753-1830), father of
  • Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (1777–1848), father of
  • Ludwig III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (1806–1877), brother of
  • Alexander Ludwig Georg Friedrich Emil, Prince of Hesse (1823–1888), m. morganatically 1851 Julie von Hauke (1825–1895), who was created Countess von Battenberg and later Princess von Battenberg. They were parents of
  • Ludwig Alexander (Louis), Prince von Battenberg (1854–1921), who later renouned his German title and assumed the surname Mountbatten and was created Marquess of Milford Haven, father of
  • Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas, Prince von Battenberg (1900–1979), later Lord Louis Mountbatten, created Viscount Mountbatten of Burma, later created Earl Mountbatten of Burma. His elder sister was
  • Victoria Alice Elisabeth Julie Marie, Princess von Battenberg (1895–1969), mother of
  • Philip, Prince of Greece (1921–), later Philip Mountbatten, created Duke of Edinburgh and later Prince of the United Kingdom, father of
  • Charles Philip Arthur George, Prince of Wales (1948–), father of
  • William Arthur Philip Louis, Duke of Cambridge (1982–), father of among others
    • George Alexander Louis, Prince of Cambridge (2013–) and
    • Louis Arthur Charles, Prince of Cambridge (2018–)
Ludwig Alexander (Louis) von Battenberg, later Marquess of Milford Haven, grandfather of Prince Philip and great-great-great-grandfather of Prince Louis of Cambridge. Photo: Wikimedia Commons.

I haven't got into details with all the title creations and renunciations, as that is not the most important here, the main point is of course the name Ludwig and Louis. And yes, there are many more examples in the family. Baby Prince Louis has an elder brother whose third name is Louis, while Louis is their father's fourth name. Prince Louis' second name is Arthur, which is also the second name of Prince William and the third name of the Prince of Wales. Baby Prince Louise's third name Charles is of course after his grandfather, the Prince of Wales. Charles is also Prince Harry's second name. Arthur was also King George VI's third name and of course the name of the seventh child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. And we could go on and on with many more examples.

Once again the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have picked a traditional royal name within the extended British royal family. Louis was not the main favourite of the bookmakers, but was mentioned as a possibility. I was more surprised that they didn't include a name from Catherine's Middleton family. Actually, you have to go back to her ancestor no. 12, i.e. her great-grandfather, to find the first example with one of the youngest son's three names, i.e. Stephen Charles Goldsmith (1886–1938), and as far back as no. 144 (seventh generation) to find the first encounter of Arthur –  Arthur Lupton (1747/48–1807). We are of course talking about known ancestors. There are some gaps in the ancestry table. I haven't found any ancestor named Louis in the book I have used as a source for the last paragraph, The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton, by the late William Addams Reitwiesner. Then again, I certainly don't think William and Catherine used the ancestry book to find names for their youngest child!

Updated last time on Saturday 28 April 2018 at 17.00 (minor changes to Ludwig Louis list).